A woman gets pregnant when the sperm fertilizes the egg which released from the ovary. The fertilised egg then travels down to the ovary and gets embedded in the wall of the uterus. Successful implantation leads to pregnancy. A gestation period is of 40 weeks on average. Many factors can impact a pregnancy.
Women who are diagnosed with early pregnancy and maternal care are more likely to have a healthy pregnancy and bear a healthy child. To regulate both your health and the baby’s health, it is important to know what to expect during the entire pregnancy cycle. There are successful ways of birth control that should be noted if you want to prevent pregnancy.
Symptoms of pregnancy
It’s different for every woman. They also have maternity encounters. Not everyone has the same signs or symptoms of pregnancy. You may not be aware that you are pregnant even because your early symptoms frequently invoke your symptoms immediately before and during menstruation. The following explains some of the most common early pregnancy symptoms.
- Breasts get tender–
On conceiving, the breasts tend to get tender than what were. This accounts for the first visible change on fertilization. On conceiving, the breasts may get sore, painful and also feel tingly. This is due to the rise in estrogen level on conceiving. However, not all women may be able to experience this on conceiving, as the breasts changes during menstruation as well.
- Darkening of areola and nipples–
On conception, a visible symptom which is not similar to PMS is darkening of areola and nipples. The size of the areola may also increase in size. Some visible goosebumps like bumps are also visible on the areola (glands that will eventually lubricate your nursing nipples). Both transitions can be attributed to maternity only. However, it can take several weeks for these early pregnancy symptoms to the surface and not everyone may be able to understand that these symptoms are early symptoms of pregnancy.
Sexual intercourse and pregnancy can lead to hormonal imbalance and may make you feel drained resulting in extreme mood swings. These symptoms are visible in the first four months of pregnancy. Though this could also be due to other factors such as less sleep, menstruation or stress.
Commonly known as morning sickness, is a usual symptom after conceiving. This happens due to a rush in hormones, resulting in various changes in the body. Nausea usually beings after a month. This symptom could also indictive of other factors such as menstruation, food poisoning, stomach bug, etc.
Related: How to balance hormones naturally.
- Sensitivity to smell–
Some newly pregnant women report an intensified sensation for the scent due to the increase in oestrogen level at an early stage. Once again, however, PMS may also be the reason behind it.
Though one can experience bloating due to several reasons, however, it indicates a sign of pregnancy-induced progesterone which slows down the digestive tract and captures gas in the intestines.
- Urinary frequency–
A pregnant woman may have a sudden urge to pee. This indicates that your kidneys are getting ready to flush off the baby’s extra waste. Your growing uterus will also begin to push your bladder, and your progestin levels will rise, causing you to have to pee regularly (or constantly) during pregnancy.
- Elevated basal body temperature (BBT)-
If you have been monitoring your body temperature regularly, you would be aware that it usually increases as the levels of progesterone rise around the time of ovulation, however, both decreases when you are menstruating. However, if you think about it, your body temperature will stay high throughout your pregnancy after ovulation.
- Cervical mucus–
After conceiving, the cervix becomes moist and remains that way.
- Spotting and cramps–
The eggs on fertilization gets embedded on the walls of the uterus, this attributes to the earliest signs of pregnancy which can result in spotting and cramping, this process takes place within 6-12 days from fertilization and it’s called implantation bleeding. These cramps are similar to menstrual cramps and can be misunderstood as menstrual bleeding.
However, these cramps and bleeding are not as severe as menstrual bleeding. Apart from bleeding, once can also experience white discharge from the vagina. The uterus begins to thicken post-fertilization, this is due to hormonal changes on conception.
- Missing period:
A missed period is the most commonly seen and obvious symptom of pregnancy. Your body produces hormones after conception that avoid ovulation and the removal of the uterine lining.
That means you’ve ended your period and won’t have another time until the baby is born. However, a missed period may necessarily be a sign of pregnancy. You may also skip menstruation due to stress, excessive exercise, diet, hormone imbalances and other factors.
- Increased heart rate-
Another early symptom of pregnancy is an increase in the normal heart rate. The heart begins to pump more rapidly for around 8-10 weeks. palpitations and arrhythmias are common during pregnancy. This is caused due to hormonal changes.
- Mood swings-
Your levels of oestrogen and progesterone during pregnancy are high. This tends to change your mood and you may get over-emotional or over-excited. Mood swings can cause depression, irritability, fear and euphoria during the pregnancy.
- Early pregnancy with elevated blood pressure and dizziness-
In the early stages of pregnancy, elevated or normal blood pressure decreases. This can also make you feel dizzy because the blood vessels are enlarged. It is more difficult to assess high blood pressure due to pregnancy.
Virtually all cases of elevated blood pressure in the first 20 weeks display underlying issues. It may develop, during early pregnancy but may also be present beforehand. On your first appointment, your doctor will take your blood pressure to help create a basis for regular reading.
- Early pregnancy heartburn–
The valve between your stomach and oesophagus can relax due to the hormones. This leaks acid in your stomach and induces heartburn.
- Early pregnancy weight gain-
By the end of the first quarter, weight gain becomes much more normal. In the first few months, you may gain approximately 1 to 4 pounds. Early pregnancy calories do not vary much from your normal diet but will rise with the progression of pregnancy.
In the second trimester, symptoms reduce, as many of the changes in your body and signs of the first quarter pregnancy tend to fade once you enter the second quarter. Discuss any symptoms that conflict with your everyday life with your doctor. You will find support and relaxation for your pregnancy together.