What are millets?
Millets are a wildly heterogeneous group of small-scale grasses, widely cultivated around the world as food or cereal crops. Types of Millets are grown primarily in Nepal, India, Mali, Nigeria, and Nige, with 97 percent of millet production in developing countries. Millets also account for an important crop in the semiarid tropics of Asia and Africa. The crop is preferred because of its productivity in dry and high-temperature environments and for short growing periods.
Healthy eating can look like a job because fast food is readily available all around us. The intake of fast food, however, is unbelievably detrimental to our bodies, as we are all conscious. One good way on the road to wellness is to substitute nutritious food for your poor eating habits. Millets would be consumed almost regularly as a staple food by the people of Central and South India before rice and wheat became available to the Green Revolution. It has many benefits over other crops, particularly drought and susceptibility to plagues.
Types of millets
- Jowar (Sorghum)
Sorghum in India is generally referred to as Jowar. Jowar has often been used to make Rotis as a grain. Enriched by iron, protein and fiber goodness, jowar can reduce cholesterol levels by a component known as policosanols (a part of sorghum wax). It’s fine for persons with an aversion to wheat.
Jowar is filled with dietary fiber, protein,and carbohydrate that encourages development and growth provides the perfect cereal in weight tracking diets and also manages diabetes. These bone-fortifying minerals are made of large quantities of calcium, iron, phosphorus, potassium and sodium, strengthens immunity, and keeps illnesses intact. Besides, jowar also contains a large number of vitamins, believed to improve health statuses, such as thiamine, niacin, folate, and riboflavin.
- Finger millets
The finger millet contains vitamins, minerals, and fibers that can have positive health effects. The potassium found in finger millet will help maintain the functioning of your kidneys and heart. Calcium also helps your nerves relay signals that facilitate the smooth work between your brain and muscles. Finger millet is also a very good source of B-vitamins, which range from the work of the mind to the healthy cell division. B vitamins are even associated with fatigue reduction.
- Husked grains
This second type includes Foxtail millets, small millets and Kodo millets. This form of millet is an indigestible coat of the seed. Before they are prepared for human consumption, the husk must be removed. As these are to be done by hands, these types of millets were not preferred over rice and other types of cereals that are husked through machines.
Several micronutrients, including iron, calcium, and phosphorus, are present in miles. They often take time to digest, which is not associated with the blood sugar spike in easily digestible food. Therefore, introducing millets in your diet will help you manage diabetes.
- Foxtail millets
It provides a general source of essential nutrients for muscle and bone strengthening. Foxtail Millet is rich in vitamin B12 that is important for a healthy heart and nervous system function, as well as for good skin and hair development. A diet of Foxtail Millet can help improve glycemic control in patients with Type-2 diabetes and reduce insulin, cholesterol and fasting glucose. Foxtail Millet is rich in natural iron that decreases muscle spasms and promotes restful syndrome. This millet is supported by the presence of iron and calcium.
Bajra meal is produced by boiling the grains of Bajra (pearl millet). The color is greyish and has a taste of nutty flavour. Bajra meal is an excellent source of iron, protein, folic acid, or fiber which retains complicated conditions, such as anemia, constipation, obesity and flushes all toxins out.
Since it is gluten-free, it doesn’t stick together. Also, because the complex carbohydrates slowly release energy. It’s a perfect diet for weight loss because it takes time to absorb and to make you feel more full.
Benefits of consuming millets
- Triggers weight loss
Millets are exceptionally low in calories and are thus a superb food product for optimistic weight loss. It is an amazing meal for not only those who want to lose weight but also for people who want to remain healthy.
- Maintains low blood sugar
Miles are used because they are of a low glycemic index and can prevent people from developing diabetes.
- Is a great immunity booster
Dependent on the protein we consume defines our immunity. Millets are a fantastic protein source and can help build up our immunity and improve it.
- Reduces heart risk
There are essential fats in millets that supply natural fat to our bodies. It helps also to deposit excess fat over our muscles and decreases our risk of high cholesterol, strokes, and other heart diseases effectively.
- Aids in asthma
Magnesium in millets will decrease the number of migraines you suffer and reduce the severity of your asthma symptoms.
Millets have been grown in the Indian subcontinent for decades. But the presence of more common cereals such as rice and wheat still flew below the radar. Suddenly, worldwide health and fitness aficionados have found that this humble food grain provides massive health benefits. We have a wised range of millets available in the market, choose according to your requirements and needs.