Have you been noticing red and itchy hives on your body which are painful and causing you intense discomfort? You have been trying to ignore the condition, however, with each passing day, it is becoming more uncomfortable for you.
Then hold on, instead of avoiding the situation, it is time to take action against it. You are suffering from skin rashes and these inflammations if not properly treated on time, may pose a serious threat for you in the future.
What is a skin rash?
Dermatologically, a rash is a change in the skin which influences its colour, appearance and texture. Skin rash can spread all over the body or can remain confined to one part only.
Rashes cause the skin to swell and become itchy, bumped, blistered and warm. The swelling can be extremely painful and can cause immense discomfort and uneasiness.
Causes of skin rashes
Skin rashes can be caused due to a variety of things including exposure to certain dangerous plants or allergic reactions to certain medication or food. It can also be due to an illness in the body. Generally, rashes are sometimes considered to be symptoms of some underlying ailment in the body.
Some of the most general causes of skin rashes and their varied symptoms to diagnose them are
- Drug rash
These are usually caused due to an allergic reaction to a drug. It is generally considered as a side effect of a drug that manifests itself as a skin reaction.
The person who is suffering from drug rash needs to stop every medication he is consuming to check which is causing him inflammation of the skin.
The symptoms are:
- Blisters and hives
- Itching and peeling of skin
- Atopic Dermatitis
One of the most common skin diseases occurring in developing countries affecting more than 20% of the population every year is atopic dermatitis.
It generally infects infants below the age of five and probable cause of this condition is still unknown to decipher. However, scientific studies have concluded that atopic dermatitis is related to genetics and runs in families along with hay fever and asthma.
The symptoms for this condition are:
- In the case of acute-phase, red, crusted oozing blisters are formed which remain for one to two months.
- In the chronic phase, scratching and rubbing cause dry and lichenified areas.
- Contact Dermatitis
Contact dermatitis is skin inflammation which is caused when the skin comes in direct contact with some allergic substance.
The rash is itchy, confined to a special area and has clearly defined boundaries. That being said, however, it has been noticed that the rash caused can vary from mild, short-lived redness to severe swelling and large blisters.
The symptoms showcased are itching and swellings. Also, the rashes occur in a specific pattern that suggests that it is caused due to exposure to a specific substance.
Another common cause of skin rash affecting 5% of the population worldwide is psoriasis. This condition occurs due to a high abnormal rate of growth of skin cells. Although the reason for rapid growth is not known, it is still believed that the immune system plays an important role in it and it can be also genetically controlled.
Symptoms of this ailment are:
- Small red, silvery, shiny patches on the skin.
- Deformed, thickened and pitted nails.
A painful skin rash caused by a viral infection that results from the reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus is known as shingles.
The reactivation is generally said to take place when a drug or disorder weakens the immune system.
Symptoms for this condition are:
- Tingling sensation or itching in a strip of skin is felt two to three days prior to the development of shingles.
- A cluster of rashes then forms on the strip of skin.
- These painful rashes of fluid-filled blisters result in chronic pain of the affected area.
- The affected area becomes extremely sensitive even to the stimulus of light touch.
Rosacea is a persistent skin disorder that causes redness, tiny pimples and noticeable blood vessels usually on the centre of the face.
The symptoms of this condition are generally classified into four different stages
- Phase 1- Skin over nose and cheek become flushed and can sting as time proceeds.
- Phase 2- A condition known as telangiectasia occurs where the skin becomes red and swollen and blood vessels become visible just below the surface.
- Phase 3- Pimples with pus develops.
- Phase 4- Rhinophyma occurs where the skin around the nose thickens and becomes red and bulbous.
Worsening of this condition should be avoided by restricting certain food and beverage items and also exposure to sunlight, cosmetics, extreme temperature and wind should be regulated.
Listed above are some of the common causes of skin rash, however, it has been found that there can be over 30 conditions that can lead to skin rashes such as Intertrigo, Christmas tree rash, heat rash, Lichen planus and many more.
How to get rid of skin rashes?
Except for some serious cases of skin rash, most of them can be healed by maintaining some preventative measures and care.
Some of the skin rashes remedies that we suggest are:
- Use mild, gentle soaps and lukewarm water to clean your affected area daily.
- Keep the affected area dry, clean and airy. Avoid any further contamination to the region.
- Use medicated lotions and moisturizers to hydrate those regions and stay away from chemical cosmetics.
- Avoid scratching and touching with your grimy fingers to prevent further worsening of the conditions.
- Combining with the medications provided by the doctor, you can also use some over-the-counter medicines to treat your mild pain associated with the skin rashes.
That being said, it is extremely important to consult your doctor before starting any medications to avoid any unwanted side effects for the body.
Hopefully, this article was able to provide some basic pieces of information about skin rashes. Skin rashes can be caused due to a variety of reasons and will provide a wide range of symptoms varying from mild pain to unbearable discomfort and irritation.
It is always advisable to consult a doctor immediately after noticing any of the above symptoms and take action as soon as possible to prevent further worsening of the condition. With proper diagnosis and treatments and medications, all the skin rashes can be easily curable.