People love Tea, and there is no doubt about that. Did you know Tea is the most consumed beverage after water in the entire world? That means every morning, about 2 billion people around the world drink tea.
There are different types of teas and their health benefits. Some teas help you get a good night’s sleep, some help you kickstart your day, some help you lose weight, some might help with diabetes, cancer, and heart diseases, while others can help lower cholesterol levels, and some can bring about mental alertness.
The quality of Tea depends on these factors
- the environment in which the Tea is grown
- harvest timing
- the care given to them
- time of plucking
- the processing technique
All of the different types of teas have unique health benefits. The most common ones are black Tea and Tea with milk(chai). Get to know more about different teas and their health benefits by reading this article until the end!
Types of teas and their health benefits
1. Green tea
It is made from fresh, steamed, or lightly heated leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant. Its tea leaves are the least oxidized, which is why they have a light color. Green Tea is considered to be the healthiest tea, which originated in China.
- Loaded with EGCG, which have beneficial effects on health
- Improves brain function and increases fat burning
- Lowers the risk of developing some cancers such as breast cancer, prostate cancer and colorectal cancer
- May reduce the risk of dementia and bad breath
- May prevent cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes
2. Black tea
It is made from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant, which are crushed, curled, rolled, left to oxidize, and dried. It contains caffeine, stimulants, and antioxidants. They are fully oxidized, which imparts them the strong black colour.
- Contains antioxidants that decrease the risk of chronic diseases and improves overall health
- Boosts heart health and improves gut health
- May lower bad LDL cholesterol and blood sugar levels
- May reduce the risk of stroke, cancer and blood pressure
- Increases alpha activity in the brain thus improving focus and alertness
3. White Tea
It is made from young leaves or buds of the Camellia sinensis plant, which are steamed or fried to inactive oxidation, and dried. It contains a higher amount of antioxidants and is known to be one of the most delicate tea varieties.
- The antioxidants present in white tea helps to reduce inflammation
- May relax blood vessels, boost immunity and lower the risk of heart disease
- May encourage weight loss and boost metabolism
- Lowers May lower the risk of insulin resistance and improve blood sugar control
- May protect against Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and osteoporosis
4. Oolong tea
It is made from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant, which have not undergone oxidation. They are wilted in the sun and slightly bruised to undergo partial oxidation. It contains minerals, vitamins, amino and beneficial tea polyphenol antioxidants.
- Aids weight loss and lowers blood pressure
- Improves sleep quality, gut microbiome and bone mineral density
- Can fight cancer and decrease vascular inflammation
- Improves oral health, mood and increases alertness
- Reduces the risk of stroke and cholesterol levels
5. Rooibos tea
It is made from the leaves of the Aspalathus linearis shrub. It is a herbal tea created by fermenting the leaves, which imparts a red-brown color.
- Packed with health-promoting antioxidants and free from caffeine
- May boost heart health and benefit people with type 2 diabetes
- May reduce cancer risk
- Promotes weight loss and improves skin appearance
- Alleviates pain, helps to build strong bones and prevents diseases such as arthritis and osteoporosis
6. Pu-erh Tea
It is made by fermenting the loose leaves of “wild old trees” for several months and pressing them into shape. They are sold in compressed “cakes” and have many health benefits.
- Promotes weight loss, introduces healthy probiotics, and prevents illness
- Helps to reduce cholesterol levels and stress
- Affects cancer cells and inhibits cancer growth
- Protects liver from damage and promotes a healthy heart
- Cleanses toxins and free radicals, protects bone health
Health benefits: Herbal Tea
Herbal Teas are beneficial for overall health as they have health-promoting properties and can be used as natural remedies. Steeping flowers, herbs and roots usually make them.
There are many types of herbal tea and their health benefits. Some of the best herbal teas are Chamomile Tea, Peppermint Tea, Ginger Tea, Hibiscus Tea, Echinacea Tea, Sage Tea, Lemon Balm Tea, Rose Hip Tea, and Passionflower Tea.
- Great for treating colds and can reduce the symptoms of asthma
- Reduces the symptoms of indigestion, vomiting, and bloating
- Boosts your immune system and protect you from oxidative stress
- They can help people with arthritis and reduce pain, swelling and tiredness in joints
- They can relieve inflammation and aid in slowing down the ageing process
- Helps your mind to relax by relieving stress and anxiety
- Helps people suffering from insomnia
- Lowers blood pressure without any adverse side effects
- Great for treating acne and skin health
- Detoxifies your body and keeps you healthy
- They can help you bring fats and boosting metabolism
- They provide instant relief from nausea and are beneficial for pregnant mothers
Method to prepare proper Tea
Ingredients- a pan, 1 and ½ tsp tea leaves, 1 and ½ tsp sugar, 1 and ½ cup milk, ¾ cup water, and 1 cardamom or elaichi
- Place the pan on the gas stove, pour milk and water.
- Turn on the gas and keep it on high flame for a minute.
- Add tea leaves, elaichi or cardamom and sugar.
- Stir the mixture with a spoon for a minute.
- Let the tea boil for 3-4 minutes.
- Turn off the gas and with the help of a strainer, strain the tea and enjoy!
Regardless of the Tea you drink, you will benefit your health. But herbal teas might trigger allergies; stay away from them if you have an allergy.
These were just a few types of teas and their health benefits; there are still so many other teas you can opt for!