Hot pepper is the fruit of Capsicum genus plants that belong to the Solanaceae family. In many kitchens, Hot peppers are commonly used for adding flavor to the food. Capsaicin and related compounds called capsaicinoids are the compounds that give chili peppers their strength when they are consumed or applied topically.
Pepper has long been cultivated and used in Eritrea and belongs to the community of Eritrean food. It has been found that the Eritrean pepper germplasm is highly diversified and can serve various purposes and uses.
Worldwide, the high nutritional value, health, and medicinal properties of pepper are recognized. Vitamins and minerals are rich in content and have antimicrobial and anti-cancer properties. The prevention and therapeutic properties of chile pepper are numerous, for example, cancers of various kinds, rheumatism, sore joints, cough, and headache bronchitis and arthritis, arithmetic, and many other illnesses can be treated with it.
Despite traditional medicine in Eritrea, including medicinal plants, the use of peppers as medicinal plants is not evident. To stimulate research to resolve the protection, effect, and quality problems and to avoid potential risks, particularly those linked to aflatoxin, this report focuses on the medicinal applications and medical benefits of this well-recognized and widespread plant.
Hot peppers are rich in different minerals and vitamins.
However, since they are only consumed in limited quantities, their daily intake contribution is tiny. Vitamin C is a spicy fruit. In this potent antioxidant that is essential for injury healing and immune function, hot peppers are very strong.
- Vitamin B6: B6 plays a part in energy metabolism, a family of B vitamins.
- Vitamin K1: Vitamin K1 is also known as phylloquinone and is important for clotting blood, healthy bones, and kidneys.
- Potassium: a vital dietary mineral that works in several ways, will reduce your risk of heart disease if ingested adequately.
- Copper: Copper is a trace element that is essential for strong bones and healthy neurons often missing in Western diets.
- Vitamin A: The high beta-carotene in the red chili peppers transform your body into vitamin A.
Benefits of hot peppers
Hot peppers have several health benefits due to their high nutritional content. Let’s have a look at them:
1. Aids in digestion and metabolism
The contribution to gut health and weight loss is one of the greatest benefits of capsaicin. Hot peppers are, in fact, anti-irritating your intestines and a good way of treating stomach ulcers, contrary to widespread beliefs.
Second, hot peppers are rich in antioxidants and other compounds, particularly in powdered form, that can alleviate other digestive issues, such as stomach upheavals, intestinal gas, diarrhea, and cramps. Peppers could do that because they activate gastric juices and fight alkalinity in the digestive tract.
2. Mitigating migration
Have you ever experienced pain on the part of your body before you had another, worse pain? When the brain concentrated on the current injury, the initial pain went away. This is what a migraine occurs when you eat hot peppers. The whole sense of pain decreases and desensitizes the body to the migraine.
3.Might reduce the risk of cancer
Chilli peppers also can remedy cancer naturally. Capsaicin and antioxidants from chili pepper can destroy cancer cells in leukemia and prostate cancer, according to the American Association for Cancer Research. The strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of chili peppers are mainly responsible.
4. Helps relieve joint pain
Due to the strong pain-relieving properties of pepper-relieving capsaicin, the chemical P, the component that carries pain signals through the brain, can be applied to the skin. In the end, the pain receptors deplete the reserves of the body. The capsaicin is a pain reliever after this is finished. It is used for shingles, HIV neuropathy, and other discomfort.
5. Helps combat fungal, cold, and flu infection
Chilli peppers’ typical red color indicates that they are rich in beta-carotene or pro-vitamin A. Vitamin A helps in maintaining safe breathing, and maintaining hygiene in the intestine and urinary system. In chili peppers, vitamin A and vitamin C are also aid in enhancing your immunity from infections and diseases.
6. Aids in metabolism
Spicy peppers increase the metabolic rate by increasing the heat-generating thermogenic mechanisms in our bodies. This method uses energy and hence brings extra calories. Furthermore, if hot pepper is eaten at breakfast, the remaining day will be suppressed, which will eventually help to reduce weight. It can also alter the fat storage in your body. The whole form of weight reduction has also been examined for capsaicin. It destroys nerve fibers selectively that transmit signals from the stomach to the brain.
7. Gives relief to inflammation
One of the important properties of capsaicin is that it prevents Substance P, an inflammatory neuropeptide. Capsaicin is also considered a possible therapy for a variety of sensory nerve disorders, including arthritis pain, diabetic neuropathy, and psoriasis.
8. Supports cardiovascular health
Hot peppers can indeed help strengthen the cardiovascular system and avoid cardiovascular disease. Potassium chili peppers, a mineral that plays an important role in the human body and enhances the immune system. Powder and folate, present in chili pepper will help decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease. Potassium can also promote relaxation to your blood vessels, making the blood circulation in your body much smoother.
9. Reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes
Hot peppers can also decrease the risk of high blood insulation levels, a common condition of type 2 diabetes, in addition to protecting your heart health.
Hot peppers are popular for their warm, pungent taste in many parts of the world. Vitamins, minerals and other special plant components are rich. They are rich. Capsaicin, which makes the mouth burn. This is included. Capsaicin is associated with various health and adverse effects.
First, weight loss can be promoted and pain relieved when frequently consumed. It creates a burning sensation, on the other hand, which is uncomfortable to many people, particularly people who do not eat chilli peppers. It is also associated with digestive disturbance. When eating hot peppers it is important to take care of your tolerance levels. It may be safe to use them as a seasoning, but those who suffer from digestive distress should avoid them.