Viral fever refers to an abundance of viral infections, normally at a spike at normal body temperature. Children and elderly people are particularly infected than adults and youth due to their poorer immunity. Skin rashes, body aches, and headaches affect people with viral fever. Accessible for the cure of viral fever is medicine. Home remedies can help with this disorder in some cases. Knowing what causes the disease makes it easier to avoid viral fever.
The name means that viral fever is transmitted from one person to another by direct contact with the bodily fluids of the infected person. When an infected person coughs, yawns, sneezes or even talks, tiny particles of fluids containing bacteria and viruses are released. These bacteria enter the body through the nose and mouth if you stand near to him and you can become infected.
When infected, it takes approximately 16 to 48 hours to develop into a complete infection. High body temperatures, pain in the body, fever, feeling of the burning of your eye, etc are some of the symptoms. The gastrointestinal, reproductive, respiratory system and other parts of the body may become infected by a virus. An increase in body temperature means that the body’s immune system attempts to kill viruses by destruction.
The normal body temperature is around 98.6°F (37°C). Anything above this temperature is known as a fever. Fevers are often symptoms either a bacterial or viral infection in your body. Fever caused by a viral disease is a viral fever. Many viral infections, from the common cold to flu, may affect humans.
What are the symptoms of viral fever?
A normal body temperature is from 37°C if your body temperature is more than this it may indicate towards a normal or viral fever depending upon the reading. The following are the symptoms of viral fever.
- High fever
- Body pain
- Muscle aches
- Loss of appetite
- Chest and Nasal congestion
- Runny nose
- Cold and cough
- Sore throat
- Skin rash
Although most of the symptoms of viral fever should disappear in 3 to 4 days, a visit to a doctor is best. An infection with a virus triggers viral fever. Infectious viruses are very tiny. They infect the body’s cells and multiply. A fever is a sign of your cells battling an infection for your body. Many viruses are susceptible to temperature changes, due to the sudden rise in temperature of your body.
Why do we have a viral fever?
Viruses infect the body and propagate colonies within the body. So the temperature increases as the body attempt to combat the viral infection. As many viruses are sensitive to temperature, high fever limits their multiplication. The reasons why we catch a viral fever are:
You can inhale droplets containing the virus if someone who has a viral infection sneezes or coughs near you. Examples include pneumonia or the common cold, which is caused by viral infections inhaled.
Viruses can pollute food and beverages. You can develop an infection if you eat them or can be transferred via sharing food or beverages with an infected person. Intake viral infections, such as noroviruses and enteroviruses, are some of its examples.
Viruses can be carried by insects and other species. You can get an infection if insects bite you. For example, dengue fever and rabies are the results of viral infections caused by bites.
- Fluids exchange
Body fluids may be shared with anyone who has a viral infection. Hepatitis B and HIV are examples of this form of viral infection.
Several viral fever strains will invade your body if you come in contact with rat’s infected excreta or urine thereby, casuing viral fever.
Symptoms of viral fever
Similar symptoms are also caused by both viral and bacterial infections. A doctor will typically start to exclude a bacterial infection to diagnose a viral fever. You will do this by taking into account the symptoms, medical history and any bacterial sample.
For instance, if you have a sore throat, you might swab your throat to test for bacteria that strain your throat. You possibly have a viral infection if the sample is tested negative. You may also use a blood sample or some other body fluid to search for certain signs, including the white blood cell count, which may suggest viral infection.
In most circumstances, no additional treatment is required for viral fever. They do not respond to antibiotics, as opposed to bacterial infections. Instead, the aim is generally to relieve the symptoms. Popular methods of treatment cover:
- Take over-the-counter fever reductions to alleviate fever and diseases such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen
- Take sufficient rest
- Drink lots of water to remain hydrated and refill fluid that is lost due to sweat.
- Take antiviral medicines such as Tamiflu, where applicable; oseltamivir phosphate
- Take bath with lukewarm water
If you are suffering from viral fever, there is nothing to worry about as it usually goes away within a few days, if proper precautions are taken. But it’s safer to contact a doctor if you have a temperature of 103°F (39°C) or higher.
If a baby has a rectal temperature of 100.4°F (38°C) or higher you should take him to the doctor as well. If you have a fever, be vigilant of the following signs, all of which means that you need immediate medical attention:
- severe headache
- difficulty breathing
- chest pain
- abdominal pains
- frequent vomiting
- a rash, especially if it quickly gets worse
- a stiff neck, especially if you feel pain when bending it forward
- convulsions or seizures
Viral fever refers to all fever caused by a viral infection, such as influenza or dengue fever. While most viral fever cures itself within one day or two, some are serious and need to be treated medically, as it does not cure on its own. You should contact your doctor if your temperature begins to read at or above 103°F (39°C). If not, try resting and stay hydrated as much as possible.