Bipolar Disorder- Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

What is bipolar disorder?

Bipolar disorder also referred to as bipolar depression, is a disease of mental well-being that induces extreme mood changes with emotional ups and downs (depression). When you get depressed, you can be unhappy or despairing and most things lose excitement or enjoyment. You may feel euphoric, energetic or unusually annoying when your mood changes into mania or hypomania (less serious than mania). 

Sleep, energy, activity, decision, actions and the ability to think clearly can trigger these mood swings. Mood changes episodes may rarely or regularly occur each year. Although most people have some emotional signs between episodes, some do not. While bipolar disorder is a chronic illness, a treatment plan will control your mood and other symptoms. In most cases, drugs and clinical guidelines are used to treat bipolar disorder (psychotherapy).  An individual will be diagnosed approximately 25 years of age on average but symptoms can occur during or later in adolescence. It equally affects both men and women.

Bipolar disorder symptoms

Bipolar and associated disorders can arise in several different ways like mania or hypomania and depression. Symptoms can cause unexpected moods and conduct changes, leading to serious distress and life difficulties.

 You have at least one psychotic episode before or during which major depressive symptoms are occurring. Mania may in some cases trigger a breakup with reality (psychosis).

  • Bipolar II disorder

You have had at least one big episode of depression and at least one hypomanic episode, but never a psychotic episode.

You also had several cycles of hypomania symptoms and duration of depression, at least two years — or one year in children and adolescents (though less severe than major depression).

  • Additional forms

 For example, bipolar and associated conditions, such as Cushing’s, multiple sclerosis or stroke, exacerbated by certain medications or alcohol or due to a medical condition.

Bipolar II disorder is a distinct condition rather than a milder type of bipolar 1 disorder. Whilst extreme and risky, manic episodes of bipolar I syndrome can be depressed for a long period causing substantial deterioration.

Causes of bipolar disorder 

The precise cause of bipolar disorder is not discovered yet, although some causes can be the reason behind it, such as:

  • Biological variations

 Bipolar conditions tend to be transforming their brains physically. The relevance of such improvements is still unclear, but can ultimately lead to identifying triggers.

  • Genetic engineering

 In those with a first-grade partner, for example, a sibling or parent with the disease, Bipolar disorder is more prevalent. Researchers aim to identify genes that can induce bipolar disorder.

Risk factors involved

bipolar disorder

Included in the first episode are certain factors that can increase the risk of developing bipolar disorder. Additional problems of bipolar disorder are as follows:

Bipolar disorder symptom in teens and children

Bipolar disorder signs in children and teenagers may be difficult to recognise. It is often difficult to say if these ups and downs are natural, the product of stress or trauma and symptoms of a non-bipolar mental health problem. 

The habits of children and adolescents may differ from those of adults with bipolar disease with distinct major depressive or psychotic or hypomanic episodes. And during episodes, moods can easily alter. Some kids can have intervals between episodes without mood symptoms. Extreme mood swings which vary from their normal mood swings which include the most important signs of bipolar disorder in children and adolescents.

Bipolar disorder treatment

Given the extreme mood, people with bipolar disorder often do not understand the degree to which they disturb their families and lives and do not receive the help they need. You may enjoy euphoric and cyclical feelings of being more productive, like a lot of people suffering from bipolar disorder. 

But this euphoria is often accompanied by an emotional crash which can leave you depressed or worn out – and maybe financial, juridical or intercourse problems. Check with your doctor or mental health provider about any signs of depression or mania. On its own, bipolar disorder is not getting better. The treatment of a bipolar disorder mental health specialist will help you control your symptoms.

Any bipolar disorder is classified by medical professionals using the DSM-5 criterion. The National Mental Health Institute (NIMH) describes the diagnosis of bipolar disease that if symptomatic disorders are serious enough to warrant hospitalisation, a person must have symptoms for at least seven days, or less. 

They may have also suffered 2 weeks or longer of a depressive episode. An individual has at least 1 period of hypomania and depression to be diagnosed with bipolar II. A physical examination and some medical tests, including blood and urine tests, may be done by a doctor to avoid additional triggers. A doctor can misdiagnose the condition as schizophrenia if the patient has psychosis.

In order to avoid misdiagnosis, NIMH advises healthcare providers to seek symptoms of mania in their patients history. Invulnerable people, some antidepressants can cause mania. An individual diagnosed with bipolar disorder is diagnosed for a lifetime. 

Precautions to be taken 

Certain early signs if detected at an early stage can to an extent help to treat bipolar disorder before it gets worse. Keep the following in mind:

  • Be careful of warning signs

 The early management of symptoms can prevent episodes from worsening. You may have noticed a trend and what causes the bipolar episodes. If you feel like you are slipping into a depression or mania episode, call your doctor. Engage family and friends in the observation of signs of alarm.

  • Stop the overuse of alcohol and drugs

 You can make the symptoms worse and more likely to return by taking alcohol or recreational medications.

  • Take the medicines according to prescription

 You might be tempted, but not to interrupt therapy. Stopping or reducing your dose may cause withdrawal or exacerbate or return your symptoms.