Chromium is a mineral which is usually known as an “essential trace element” for it’s very limited quantities that are needed in the human body. There are two types of chromium that exist: trivalent and hexavalent. The first of these is present in foods and additives and is healthy for humans. The second toxin is considered to cause problems for skin and lung cancer.
The body only requires a certain chromium quantity, as in humans its deficiency is rare. Picolinate is used to metabolize carbohydrates in conjunction with insulation provided by the pancreas. Chromium picolinate is an aid to the management of blood sugar in diabetic persons or prediabetics, lower cholesterol and as an add-on for weight reduction in substitute medicines for chromium deficiency care.
Benefits of chromium picolinate
In some individuals with type 2 diabetes, chromium picolinate may decrease fasting blood sugar, insulin and blood fats. Higher doses of chromium could function better than lower doses. Chrome supplements may be better suited to individuals with low chromium. Picolinate chromium could help even people with type 1 diabetes, people who are diabetic during pregnancy, and diabetes patients during steroid care. The prevention of diabetes may involve chromium, but the evidence is limited.
- Improved blood sugar level
Hormone insulin has a major effect on healthy individuals in suggesting that the body can carry sugar levels into the body’s cells. There are issues with the regular body secretion of insulin in people with diabetes. Numerous studies have shown that consuming chromium additives can boost diabetes blood sugar. One research showed that the body’s insulin tolerance was decreased after 16 weeks of 200 μg/day of chromium and insulin.
However, in adults with type 2 diabetes, there have been no changes in blood sugar after three or more months of chromium supplementation. Moreover, a study in obese people without diabetes showed that the body has not improved insulin response by 1,000 μg/day chromium picolinate. 425 healthy people under considerable analysis found that the levels of sugar and insulin did not improve by chromium additives. Overall, there has been some gain among those with diabetes, but not in every case, from taking these supplements.
- May be successful in controlling hunger and cravings
Many individuals who have managed to lose weight and maintain their weight are good with controlling their hunger and cravings. Others may find it difficult and therefore have an interest in foods, supplements, or drugs that can assist in the battle against this urge. Several studies have analyzed the utility of chromium picolinate in this field. In an 8 week trial, 1,000 μg/day of chromium decreased dietary consumption, appetite, and hunger pangs in healthy overweight people (in the chromium-picolinate form). The researchers said that these symptoms may have been caused by chromium effects on the brain.
Probable side effects with the consumption of chromium picolinate
In 1995, the protection of chromium picolinate was controversial in a study conducted by Diane Stearns, Ph.D, at Dartmouth College. Researchers introduced high levels of chromium-picolinate, chromium chloride, or chromium nicotinate in culture hamster cells, and found that the genetic information of the hamster cells can only be damaged by chromium picolinate. Other lab experiments utilizing cell cultivations have indicated oxidative stress and damage to DNA caused by chromium picolinate. There is no documentation, though, of DNA damage in living organisms from trivalent chromium.
The Institute of Medicine’s Food and Nutrition Committee has recognized the possibility that high levels of oral trivalent chromium could cause harmful impact, but it has not set upper limits for consumption in the lack of evidence to suggest otherwise. However, the assurance of long-term chromium use is very little notified. After taking chromium picolinate supplements, rare clinical cases documented adverse effects.
Possible side effects of chromium picolinate include:
- Stomach irritation
- Rarely, liver problems
- Decreased action of insulin
- Rarely, kidney damage
- Rarely, a fast or irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)
Some of the issues are that the concentration of chromium picolinate may affect neurotransmitters (nervous impulses transmitting substances in the body). This may be a problem for individuals with conditions like depression, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia.
In conjunction with diabetes medicine, Chromium picolinate, in high concentrations, can be addictive and lead to low levels of blood glucose. If you are still taking diabetes drugs it is important to speak to your doctor before you take any sort of chromium.
Chromium picolinate is usually used in dietary supplements as chromium. It can increase the body’s reaction to insulin or decrease blood sugar in people with diabetes. Besides, appetite, cravings, and binge eating may be minimized. However, chromium picolinate does not produce substantial weight loss. Chromium deficiency is rare and it is worried that chromium picolinate can have harmful consequences. In general, it is not likely worth taking chromium picolinate for most people. If you plan to do so, speak to a qualified health care professional about the pros and cons.