Loss of hair (alopecia) may only impact your skin or your whole body and can be temporary or permanent. It may be caused by inheritance, hormonal changes, health or natural ageing. Anyone may lose their hair, but in men, it is more common. Baldness normally means excessive scalp hair loss. Hereditary age hair loss is the most frequent cause of baldness.
Some people tend to let their hair loss go untreated and uncontrolled. Others might cover it with hairstyles, maquillage, hats or scarves. And other therapies are also available for prevention or regeneration of hair loss.
Some of the most common reasons for hair fall are:
- Hair loss without scarring the roots is an exceedingly common occurrence that often affects most people in their lives.
- Medical practitioners should differentiate between hair loss and hair damage due to reduced hair growth from hair loss.
- Widespread balding (androgenetic alopecia) in both men and women, which is induced in genetically prone hair follicles by the influence of testosterone metabolites.
- A thyroid disorder, anaemia, deficiency of protein, secondary syphilis, chemotherapy and low levels of the vitamin can cause hair loss.
- Alopecia areata is a type of hair loss caused by autoimmune hair follicle destruction in localised skin areas.
- Hair loss without scalp scarring is a very common occurrence which sometimes affects most people
- Hair loss prevention covers proper hair care, washing hair regularly and good food.
- The hair loss diagnostic tests can include blood testing such as complete blood counting (CBC), iron, vitamin B, and scalp biopsy.
Reasons for hair fall
There could be several reasons why one suffers hair loss.
- An inherited disease that occurs with ageing is the most common cause of hair loss. This disorder is referred to as androgenic alopecia, male pattern baldness, and female patterned baldness. It usually happens gradually and with consistent trends — a retrenching hairline and shallow spots in males and thinner hair in females.
- Hormonal changes due to conditions like birth, pregnancy, thyroid problems and menopause, may cause permanent or temporary hair loss.
- Medications and supplements- Loss of hair can be a side-effect of some medications such as cancer, heart disease, high blood pressure, asthma, gout and depression.
- Several months after a physical or emotional shock, many people experience general dilution of hair. However, this is a temporary form of hair loss.
- Radiation therapy also results in hair loss. The hair will not grow in the way it used to before.
- Excessive hairstyling or hairstyles, such as pigtails and cornrows, can trigger a form of hair loss termed alopecia traction. Hot oils and permanent hair treatments can also contribute to the failure of the hair. Hair loss can be permanent if scarring happens.
Remedies for hair fall
In case you decide to visit the doctor for hair loss, the doctor will perform the following tests-
- Blood sample-This could help diagnose medical problems that could cause hair loss.
- Pulling or plucking hair- Your doctor removes hundreds of hairs softly to see how many get plucked easily with a single pull. The stage of the shedding process is thus decided.
- Skin sample (root)- Your doctor will remove the skin or the scalp from a few hairs to inspect the roots of your hair in a microscope. This helps to decide whether an infection causes loss of hair.
- Light microscopy– A special tool is used by your doctor to search for hair trimmed on the foundation. Microscopy helps to diagnose suspected hair shaft disorders.
Some forms of hair loss may be handled effectively without any medication. You could reverse or slow down the hair loss. In certain cases, including patchy hair loss (alopecia areata), the hair will grow back within a year without treatment.
Medicines and surgery are part of therapies for hair loss. On the contrary, If an underlying condition is causing your hair loss, medication is important for curing that disease. You might be told by your doctor to avoid using any medicines that cause hair loss for a few months.
The common medicines suggested by the doctor are-
- Minoxidil (Rogaine)
- Finasteride (Propecia)
- Spironolactone (Carospir, Aldactone)
- Oral dutasteride (Avodart).
Other options suggested by the doctor could be hair transplant surgery or laser therapy.
How to prevent hair fall at home ?
One can also opt for home remedies for hair fall to treat hair fall naturally. Home remedies will only prove to be beneficial if the hair loss is not too severe.
Fenugreek seeds are also used for hair loss and dandruff treatment at home. They can be viewed as an extension or topically applied. Research to support the effectiveness of the seeds, for this reason, is slim but certain evidence indicates that hair regeneration and strengthening of hair follicles can be promoted.
Eggs help to remove hair loss by stimulating the skin and feeding rich nutrients to hair follicles. These nutrients improve the hair roots and prevent hair fall. Egg yolks comprise biotin, which moisturises your hair by enhancing its elasticity. Eggs can also avoid breakage and split-end beginning.
Lauric acid present in coconut oil helps in binding the protein on the hair and protects the roots and lengths from damage. Antioxidants in coconut oil lead to the healthy growth of hair. In general, It helps to feed your hair and scalp with nutrients.
Amal is one of the best home remedies for hair regeneration. The amla phytonutrients, vitamins and minerals contribute to increased circulation of the scalp and strong growth. Amla vitamin C produces protein from collagen. This helps to improve hair growth, both in volume and length. Amla can be mixed with curd and applied as a hair mask.
Onion juice can be extracted and Included in the hair mask or applied directly. Onion juice can supply extra sulphur to support thick and strong hair, thereby avoiding hair loss and encouraging the growth of hair. Onion sulphur can also contribute to the production of collagen. It is also thought that onions will improve circulation.
Aloe vera gel has a high content of proteolytic enzymes to cure and restore damaged body cells. In turn, it improves hair follicle health and increases hair growth. Proteolytic enzymes activate the hair follicles that fall dormant and facilitate hair regrowth. Aloe vera juice can be consumed or it can be applied with a mask or directly on the scalp for best results.
So, incase you have been dreading about hairfall this winter and thinking about trying effective remedies for hairfall, well, now you know it!! 🙂