Is Covid Vaccine Safe During Pregnancy?

Covid-19 had created havoc in 2020. It led to a global pandemic, the whole world came to a standstill, hundreds of people became unemployed and thousands of people lost their loved ones. However, in the midst of the wreck, COVID-19 vaccine is slowly becoming the ray of light which we all are looking forward to. But is the vaccine safe for pregnant women and for the new generation that is yet to come? Let us know more on this topic then. 

What is the use of COVID-19 vaccine? 

COVID-19 is a severe infectious disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. People infected with COVID-19 experience mild to moderate respiratory illness which slowly and gradually developed into a grave illness if not treated properly. 

For pregnant women, getting infected by COVID-19 leads to an increase in the risk of premature birth and can also lead to some birth defects. It can also lead to severe complications in the future. 

Getting a COVID-19 vaccine offers natural protection for the body. The first dose of vaccination provides immunity against infection for at least 90 days. More research needs to be done on the period of protection though. This vaccine will help us to control the global pandemic if not altogether remove it. 

Is the covid vaccine for pregnancy?

COVID-19 affects young and old alike. Many people develop symptoms but also get recovered with the minimum treatment. However, older people and people who have underlying serious chronic ailments have to suffer extensively. But people are having doubts about the covid vaccine for pregnancy. 

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, it has been reported that the risk of illness and death among pregnant women is much less as compared to others however if they are affected they need to be hospitalized in an intensive care unit and would be requiring immediate care. 

The report also stated that pregnant women can undergo vaccination if they want but as during vaccination trials, pregnant and breastfeeding women were deliberately kept away, we do not have much knowledge regarding the vaccination being safe for pregnant women. However, with that being said, vaccination trials were done on animals and it did not affect the fertility of them. 

Only a handful of people have received vaccination and therefore most of the reports are based upon them. As the reports suggested some of the key features of the COVID-19 vaccines for pregnancy are:

  1. The vaccine does not contain any virus particles, therefore, you cannot get COVID and neither the growing fetus
  2. The mRNA vaccines do not enter into the nucleus of the cell and do not interfere with the DNA of the body, therefore, not affecting the genes in the mother’s body. 
  3. The vaccines are made up of mRNA particles and our body eliminates these particles within a few hours or days and therefore the particles cannot cross the placenta and reach the growing foetus. These mRNA particles are quickly broken down and degraded in the body. 
  4. The immunity that the vaccination provides can cross the placenta and help the baby to remain safe after birth. 
  5. The vaccine also does not affect future fertility. 

For breastfeeding women and women who are planning to conceive, the report published by CDC claimed that they can also take the vaccination as it has been seen that there are not many risks involved. 

For people who are breastfeeding, if you get vaccinated, the immune system develops antibodies that can pass through the breast milk to the baby and the newborn can be benefitted from the antibodies produced. Whereas on the other hand, if you are trying to conceive, getting vaccinated will be the most effective way of ensuring both you and your pregnancy is protected. The first dose before conceiving and the second dose is usually taken after the first trimester

Side effects of the covid vaccine for pregnancy

Side effects are reported generally after the second dose of the vaccine and the side effects that have been reported among them are mild fever and fatigue that can be easily treated with over the counter medications especially by Acetaminophen. Fever can lead to severe outcomes in pregnant women and therefore we do recommend you to take medications as prescribed by your medical advisor. 

Apart from fever, some women can also develop allergic reactions to the vaccine. If you have a history of severe allergic reactions, it is best to consult your medical advisor before taking the vaccination.

Sometimes these side effects are actually the signs that the immune system is generating the required antibodies and you are not suffering from any other serious ailment. 

Pregnant women taking vaccination is still an argumental topic unless further studies and research confirm the safety of the vaccination during pregnancy. However, there are still some preventive measures that you should maintain if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or even trying to conceive:

  1. Avoid going out as much as possible. Go virtual if feasible.
  2. If going out, maintain proper precautions to do so. Carry your mask and maintain social distancing.
  3. Sanitize your clothes, hands and everything that has been brought from outside. 
  4. Stay alert. If you are experiencing fever and flu-like symptoms, consult your doctor immediately. Ignoring it can lead to grave complications in the future. 

Now there you go, everything you need to know about the covid vaccine for pregnancy. The virus is evolving itself and creating a new variation every time and simultaneously the vaccination is changing its composition to match the strength of the virus. 

However, the data available on pregnancy and the covid vaccine is very limited as they are purposely kept away during the vaccination trials. The decision of getting a vaccination during pregnancy completely depends upon the woman who is going to take it. If you want to take the vaccination during your pregnancy and want to create immunity for the growing foetus or if you want to reschedule to after giving birth to the baby so that no risks are involved, it is entirely your call whatsoever. 

It cannot be just a simple recommendation from our part. We can just supply all the necessary pieces of information and facts regarding the vaccination and pregnancy but to make the last decision depends on you. To make the right decision, consult your medical advisor for all the benefits, risks and complications involved. 

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