You suddenly notice your otherwise clean and clear skin is having dark spots all over. No matter how much you try to ignore these spots, they always stubbornly show their presence on your skin. Your average concealer is not able to mask it up and you cannot go out, with them being on full display.
Sounds very relatable? Well, then the time has come when instead of ignoring the dark spots, you learn more about your skin and how you can effectively remove the dark spots from your skin. So keep on reading the article then.
What are the dark spots and what causes it?
Our skin produces a pigment known as melanin which is not only responsible for producing colour in our eyes, skin and even hair but also protects us from sun damage.
When our skin is exposed to sunlight, melanin production increases and sometimes it increases to such a point that it causes dark spots.
You will commonly see people referring dark spots to skin pigmentation and hyperpigmentation. Although the terms can be interchangeably used with dark spots, however, there are slight differences between them.
Skin pigmentation or hyperpigmentation is the broader term used to describe dark spots, patches or even general darkening of the skin. Dark spots refer to the spots where melanin concentration is much higher compared to the other areas.
Now that we know, what do dark spots mean, let us now see the basic causes of it.
Dark spots can be caused due to a variety of reasons ranging from sun damage to some underlying ailments.
Some of the most common causes of dark spots are:
- Sun damage
Sun damage is one of the biggest reasons for causing dark spots on the skin. Exposure to the harmful UV rays causes our skin to produce more melanin than it is needed. This overproduction leads to darkened spots on the skin.
- Hormonal changes
One of the biggest causes of dark spots especially in women is hormonal changes. Melasma, a condition where dark spots appear on the forehead and cheeks is caused due to hormonal imbalances during pregnancy.
- Side effects of medications
NSAIDs and other steroidal and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications can produce side effects in the body which include dark spots and pigmentation.
Skin inflammations and injuries caused due to acne or eczema can also lead to dark spots.
- Irritation caused due to certain products
Certain products like cosmetics, makeups and shampoos can cause irritation to the skin and cause dark spots to appear on the skin.
- Certain ailments
Endocrine diseases like Addison’s disease or diabetes can lead to overproduction of melanin in the skin causing dark spots.
How to remove the dark spots?
Dark spots are always considered harmless except if it is caused due to an underlying ailment. Most of the dark spots can be usually treated with some home remedies and chemical treatments.
Most people, however, upon encountering dark spots go through some unhealthy treatments that cause further worsening of the condition. Hence, we bring to you some effective tips to remove dark spots that will help you to get your desired results.
Home remedies to remove dark spots
Tomatoes are the most trusted home remedy to be used against dark spots.
Bestowed with lycopene which has abundant health properties, tomatoes can effectively help you to brighten the dark spots. It works against short term and long term aspects of photodamage.
Apply tomato juice on the skin for 20 minutes and then wash it off with lukewarm water or you can directly consume 40 or 55 milligrams of tomato paste with olive oil for added benefits.
Abundant with alonin, a natural depigmenting compound, aloe vera can work very well against dark spots. Considered as the jack of all trades, aloe vera is a trusted and extensively used ingredient which can be ingested as aloe juice or can be allowed as a moisturizer or paste on the affected spots. Apply aloe vera paste on the pigmented areas before bedtime and wash it off the next morning.
3.Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is the magical ingredient that can be used against all of our health problems. Abundant with acetic acid, Apple cider vinegar can work wonders for dark spots.
Combine equal parts of apple cider vinegar and water in a container and apply it on the affected spots. Leave it for a few minutes and wash it off with warm water. Use it two times a day daily until you get your desired results.
Papaya not only brightens the dark spots but also helps you to achieve the perfect overall tone of the skin because it acts as a natural exfoliator.
Papaya has fruits acids known as alpha-hydroxy acids which act as an exfoliant. It breaks the lipid bonds and removes the dead and dull skin cells. It also increases collagen production and helps you to achieve that youthful and radiant look.
Mash ripe papaya in a bowl and apply it on your affected region and see the magic.
Very similar to papaya, yoghurt can also be very effective against treating dark spots. Due to the abundance of lactic acid, yoghurt can effectively improve discolouration and age spots. Since it is derived from milk, it improves the pH balance of the skin and also reduces inflammation of the skin.
These are some of the best home remedies to be used against dark spots, but there are many more remedies like red onion, liquorice root, turmeric, almond oil and others which also works exceptionally well against dark spots.
If the above-mentioned home remedies do not work well for you, there are many chemical treatments that you can avail to.
In this treatment, a chemical solution is applied on the affected area of the skin which blisters it causing the skin to peel off. The new skin that grows and comes out is smoother and clearer than the old skin.
A special applicator with an abrasive surface gently sands away the outer layer and it causes the skin to rejuvenate naturally.
3.Intense pulsed light
Light therapy is used for treating dark spots, wrinkles and unwanted hair.
Short, concentrated pulsating beams of light are focused at the affected region and the skin is removed layer by layer.
Also known as cold therapy, cryotherapy includes the technique where the body is exposed to extremely cold temperature for several minutes.
As considered by most dermatologists, except for few, dark spots are not a medical concern. Most of the dark spots can be easily treated with the help of some home remedies, however, that being said, if those do not work for you, chemical treatments are the best available options for you. But before doing so, it is very essential to consult with your dermatologist for proper guidelines and guidance and then you are all set to go.