Loss of hair may occur if the thyroid gland doesn’t function properly. The thyroid is a butterfly-formed gland in the lower front of the body. The thyroid gland releases thyroid hormones, which the body uses to keep energy warm and keep the bodies and muscles functioning properly. Irregular development of thyroid hormones results in the most frequent thyroid-related issues.
Inadequate levels of thyroid hormone include hypothyroidism or an underactive thyroid. Extreme, protracted hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism could cause hair loss in the thyroids. The thyroid gland produces too much hyperthyroidism. The loss is diffuse and does not include specific regions of the whole scalp. The hair looks sparse evenly. Re-growth is normal when a thyroid condition is treated successfully, but it can take several months and may not be entirely complete.
Conditions of the thyroid can cause hair loss if it is serious and untreated. Understanding how hair loss is caused by these conditions requires understanding how hair develops.
- Hair begins to develop in the base of your scalp’s hair follicle at the root.
- The blood vessels of your scalp feed the root, build more cells and help in hair growth.
- The skin has oil glands underneath through which the hair passes by. These oil glands help to keep the hair soft and shiny.
- The hair growth is a continuous cycle as the hair continues to grow and fall out from time to time.
Alopecia is also seen under thyroid conditions as an autoimmune disease. In more discrete fields it induces hair loss spots. However, it can lead to baldness over time. Additional autoimmune disorders, often related to thyroid problems, can cause hair loss, include polycystic ovary syndrome, and lupus erythematosus.
Some medicines used to treat thyroid diseases can result in hair dilution. Carbimazole and propylthiouracil are antithyroid medications, which can lead to hair loss in rare instances. It may also be difficult to say whether your hair loss is because of the long period of drug usage or your thyroid disease.
Thyroid and hair loss
Hair loss due to thyroid can be caused by extreme and persistent hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. The loss is diffuse and does not include specific regions of the whole scalp. The hair seems sparse evenly. Regrowth is normal when a thyroid condition is treated successfully, but it can take several months and may not be treated completely. It is rare for mild hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, e.g. subclinical ones, or short-term thyroid problems causing hair loss.
Certain hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism occur suddenly and are initially diagnosed, while others may go undiagnosed for months or even years. Thyroid disease hair loss is apparent in several months after thyroid disease starts. The long hair growth process is responsible for this gap. It is hard to understand whether hair loss is triggered by the medicines taken for thyroid or happens due to discontinuance of thyroid medicines.
Autoimmune thyroid disease-related hair loss
Most people have autoimmune thyroid disorder with hypo- or hyperthyroidism. If a person has one autoimmune disorder, he/she can develop a different autoimmune condition more likely than others. Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease which causes hair loss more frequently than expected, which happens in people with autoimmune thyroid disease. Alopecia areata causes distinct, typically circular areas of hair loss, as opposed to the forms of diffuse hair loss. This is temporary and does not progress in most situations, but may trigger a considerable resilience.
There are other rare auto-immune disorders associated with autoimmune thyroid diseases that can cause skin loss by scarring (e.g. lupus erythematosus). The polycystic ovarian syndrome is also related to autoimmune thyroid disorder and may result in diffuse hair loss; other characteristics are cycles erratic, obesity and acne.
Symptoms of thyroid hair loss
Hair Loss is a natural phenomenon and occurs to even the healthiest person. As part of the natural hair growth cycle, people should expect to waste 50–100 hair every day. People with telogen effluvium sometimes feel their hair in handfuls. Typically the scalp is most apparent, but it can influence hair anywhere in the body.
Someone with autoimmune alopecia can find they lose discreet hair patches, which are often circular. The only symptom of an overactive or subactive thyroid is rare for hair loss. However, hair loss can be triggered by certain conditions including:
- When the skin becomes drier than usual
- Sudden weight gain
- Sweating too much
- Raise in a heartbeat
- Hand tremors
- Skin disease or changes like thinning of the skin or scalp
- Damaged hair
- Sudden weight loss
Treatment for hair loss due to thyroid
Mild thyroid types do not normally cause hair loss. As a result, you should keep your hair denser or regenerate growth in cooperation with your health care provider to monitor your condition. The effects may not be immediate since it takes some time for hair to grow and develop.
Possible drugs include:
- Levothyroxine (hypothyroidism)
- Propylthiouracil and methimazole (hyperthyroidism)
- Beta-blockers (hyperthyroidism)
Other drugs include
The blocking of the gland’s capacity for the thyroid hormone is functioning by antifungal drugs such as Methimazole (Tapazole) and PTU.
Doctors also suggest internal therapy with radiation. This damages the cells of the thyroid and reduces the hormone released by the gland. This procedure is expected to lead to hypothyroidism that can then be treated by replacement of thyroid hormones.
Includes removing a thyroid gland or any of it which may lead to hypothyroidism.
Home remedies for thyroid and hair loss
People suffering from hair loss due to thyroid use of medications to treat their condition. Generally, consuming a healthy diet will lead to growth and hair condition. A balanced nutritious diet includes a moderate amount of fat, protein, fruits, vegetables and grain. Foods which increase the likelihood of healthy hair include:
- Fish: Fatty omega-3 acids in oily fish that can help avoid a dry scalp.
- Dark green vegetables: vegetables like the spinach contain vitamins A and C in a high proportion. These vitamins will enhance hair condition.
- Eating protein-rich foods can help avoid thin and delicate hair. Eat rich in protein foods. Dairy meat, vegetables and meat contain high protein levels. all of them contain high protein levels.
- Biotin for hair growth: Biotin is an essential hair growth vitamin. Biotin deficiency can cause hair loss or fragility. Biotin sources include grain whole, liver, egg yolk, soymeal and yeast. Biotin is also present in several hair vitamins (OTC). However, biotin can influence blood test results, and anyone who has a blood test should avoid using or eating biotin-containing products for a few days.
- Food rich in calcium: Calcium is important for hair growth. Great calcium sources include milk products such as milk and cheese.