Whenever couples undergo an IVF process, one of the most popular queries they usually have is “Can we choose the gender of our baby?”. Gender selection with IVF method is also called IVF sex selection, which implies that the embryo of the particular gender would be selected before being carried into the uterus of the mother.
Irrespective of the old wives’ tales foretelling a baby’s sex by taking a glance at pregnancy bumps, couples, until recently, did not have a certain way of acquiring about their packages of joy until the approach of high-level testing like ultrasounds and amniocenteses. They had to remain patient in front of the labour room to learn if they had a son or daughter.
Though most of our patients at HRC Fertility would be happy with a healthy infant of either sex, some have preferences for a son or a daughter or one or two children of each gender. Reproductive medicine can give intended parents the ability to pick the sex of their children if they produce sufficient healthy embryos of the gender they prefer.
What is gender selection?
Gender selection which is also called sex selection is a medical procedure used by proposed parents who want to be able to choose the sex of their child. Gender selection is conducted through sperm division or genetic testing. The embryos with the fancied sex are then embedded into the woman’s uterus.
Is Gender Selection With IVF possible?
It is all possible due to a method known as pre-implantation genetic determination or pre-implantation genetic screening. During IVF, a specialist creates embryos by fusing a woman’s eggs with a man’s sperm in a lab. When these embryos are a few days old, the proposed parents get to choose to have them screened for genetic complications using PGD.
This indicates that the embryos are placed under a microscope, and (very carefully) a few cells are excluded. The cells are then examined to guarantee that they have a normal genetic structure that is, sets of chromosomes one through twenty-three.
Experts also take a heavy look at the X and Y chromosomes to examine for irregularities there; and at that point, the gender of each embryo, XX or XY, gets obvious. When the considered parents are instructed on which of their embryos are good and viable, they might also be shown which are female and which are male.
Why do people use gender selection with IVF?
Oftentimes couples use gender selection to aid in preventing severe genetic conditions and chromosomal disorders that are gender-specific. Such as, sex-linked conditions like muscular dystrophy and haemophilia which are acquired via the mother will only attack a male child. In addition to this, diseases like Fragile X or autism oftentimes act more dangerously in one gender than in the other.
Many times, considered parents look up to sex selection when they have a strong urge to complete or “settle” their family according to their individual plans. There are also instances where a couple feels an emotional need to have a child of a specific gender, either because they feel better provided to raise a kid of that gender or because they have lost a baby of that gender before.
Outcomes of this process
Presenting a fertility doctor’s capacity to recognize XX or XY chromosomes in the embryo with PGD tests, the gender selection process is almost a hundred percent right.
Nevertheless, not all cases can create healthy embryos of the wanted gender because of circumstances related to age, egg supply, and sperm condition. In these events, sperm or egg donation is a chance for meant parents who want to opt for gender selection.
Whether the cause of gender selection is medicinal or optional, the success standards for gender selection are remarkably high using IVF with preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) or preimplantation genetic screening (PGS/PGT-A).
The doctors are experienced in all methods used for gender selection, including sperm spinning, which is the act of separating sperm into X and Y chromosomes, but merging IVF with genetic testing is the only absolutely positive approach to assure that your gender selection is hundred percent right.
Moral considerations about sex selection
Choosing a child’s sex for medical purposes shows no moral considerations, but performing it for family balancing, social or personal inclinations can bring up circumstances for some people. IVF allows sex selection services adhering to the guidelines set by the Society for Reproductive Medicine. This involves only allowing sex selection to the patients after doctors have had a precise discussion with them about the possible ethical concerns.
For example, sex selection can be used to support one sex over another, which many might see as being sexist or biased. It may lead to sex inequality, specifically in cultures that might place a greater value on one sex kid over the other.
There is also the moral concern of what to do with excluded embryos of the opposite sex – for instance, if a couple desired a boy but only had female embryos, or if a couple has various embryos of both sexes but only desire a girl.
The choices for the remaining embryos are to collect them for future individual use in pregnancy, donate them to another couple in need of a good embryo, donate the embryos for scientific research, or reject the undesired embryos.
These can be very tough decisions for many people. That is why we must address these issues before the sex selection and also suggest the patients for counseling if required.
Now you know about the Gender Selection With IVF.