With an increase in stress, workload and an exceptionally fast lifestyle we are pretty sure that you are well accustomed to having dark circles around your eyes. However, do you know that apart from dark circles, there is another condition which is causing people to fret over?
We are talking about dark eyelids, a condition in which the upper skin surrounding our eyes darken in colour than it’s surroundings.
Sounds intriguing, right? Well, let us get into more details about it then.
Dark eyelids causes
As mentioned earlier, the dark eyelid is a condition where the skin around the eyes darkens. It can be due to a variety of reasons ranging from eye injuries to hyperpigmentation.
Some of the common causes of dark eyelids are listed down below
Hyperpigmentation- One of the most common causes of dark eyelids is hyperpigmentation.
Our skin contains melanocytes cells which provide melanin that determines our natural skin colour. In some conditions, production of melanin can be sometimes higher in some regions which leads to the condition of hyperpigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation can due to variety of reasons
Hormones during pregnancy can increase the melanin production in the body leading to a condition known as Melasma. Women with melasma will notice brown or grey hyperpigmented patches on their skin. If these patches occur on their eyelids it causes dark eyelids.
2. Sun damage
If you are a person who encounters a lot of exposure to the sun, then you will notice darkening of the areas exposed. Sun can damage our skin and can cause an increase in melanin production which ultimately leads to hyperpigmentation.
3. Thinning of the skin
Our skin is generally thin around the eyes as compared to the other parts of the body. With the increase in age, the skin becomes thinner with collagen and fat and appears darker than the surrounding areas.
With thinning of the area, the number of blood vessels increases in the area. Dilated blood vessels in the eyelids and increased vascularity can cause dark eyelids in the person.
Dermatitis, Chronic Eczema, Chronic Sinusitis, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Allergic reactions can cause inflammation and eventually lead to dark eyelids.
Rubbing and scratching of eyelids or fluid accumulated from eyelids can also induce the formation of dark eyelids.
5. Dermal Melanocytosis
As you already know melanocytes produce melanin which gives colour to the skin but in dermal melanocytosis, melanocytes are present within the dermis and produce grey or blue-grey patches on the eyelids.
Hyperpigmentation may be the biggest cause for dark eyelids but some other causes that can also incite dark eyelids. These are generally congenital. Some of them are-
- Hemangioma- A capillary hemangioma on the eyelids, popularly known as strawberry birthmark is a benign tumour consisting of an abnormal overgrowth of tiny blood vessels.
- Nevi- Nevus is a common coloured growth on or in our eye. It is very similar to a mole on our skin.
- Dermoid cysts- Congenital choristoma formed on the eyelids consisting of keratinized epithelium and adrenal structures such as hair follicles, sebaceous glands and sweat glands.
- Port-wine stain- Type of birthmark which looks like maroon wine spilled on the eyelids.
- Styes- A red painful lump near the edge of the eyelids that looks like a boil or pimple which can cause inflammation of the blood vessel and that can lead to dark eyelids.
Home remedies for Dark Eyelids
Now you may ask why home remedies and why not some proper treatments or medication. Well, most of the time it has been observed that causes of dark eyelids could be easily cured with the help of remedies found in our household. Furthermore, home remedies do not have potential side effects and are also cheap. However, we are not suggesting to avoid consulting a doctor.
It is always advisable to consult a professional for proper treatments and medications. However, listed below are some remedies that may help you to boost up the healing process and show your desired results faster than the stipulated period.
- Cold compresses- Most effective when addressed against dilated blood vessels. It can effectively cure inflammation and minimize darkening of the eyelids caused due to bruising.
- Nutrition- Although generally not considered as a potential cause for dark eyelids, however, it has been observed that nutritional deficiency can also lead to darkening of the eyelids. If that is the reason, consider consuming foods which are rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin D, iron and zinc. And you can also include green tea in your diet. Green tea is abundant with antioxidant which reduces inflammation and discolouration.
- Lifestyle changes- Lifestyle plays a very important factor in inducing dark eyelids. Lack of sleep and dehydration can enhance darkening and can lead to worsening of the condition. It is necessary to have at least seven hours of sleep and consume more than eight glasses of water every day.
- Face packs- You can apply cucumber and tomato face packs on your eyelids to reduce the discolouration present. Cucumber has astringent properties which help in skin lightening and ameliorate darkened eyelids. Tomato, on the other hand, has bleaching properties which help in the reduction of radical damage.
- Body posture- Elevating your head while sitting or sleeping helps in better blood circulation and causes a reduction of inflammation in the eyelids.
- Preventive measures- Prevention is always better than cure. However, if a condition of dark eyelids develops, following these preventive measures will deter it from further worsening.
- Take care of your skin. Protect your eyes from sun damage by wearing sunglasses or a hat.
- Never forget to apply sunscreen on your face before stepping out of your house.
- Apply foundation or concealer with UVA and UVB protection on your eyelids to mask off the pigmentation.
Over the counter medications and treatments like chemical peels and laser resurfacing therapy are generally prescribed to the affected patients.
There you go, everything you need to know about dark eyelids is covered in this article. Other than some congenital causes which require some surgical procedures, most of the times it has been observed that dark eyelids can be cured with proper medications and treatments. Consult your doctor or dermatologist for proper guidance and you are all good to go.