Why Am I Getting Periods Twice A Month?

Well, we women do not worry when the period is a few days late. But we do worry when we get two periods in one month. It is a thing that would make any woman anxious. So, what should you do when this thing happens or is it normal? If normal, what are the consequences that resulted in this happening? All your queries will be answered here. 

Causes of periods twice a month 

The 2nds period might be the result of a shorter menstrual cycle or a health problem that might be causing vaginal bleeding. 

  1. Shorter menstrual cycle
periods twice a month

Periods usually last for at least 4 days, less than that can be called a shorter cycle. The causes of this to take place are: 

  • stress
  • extreme weight loss or gain
  • birth control
  • illness
  • onset of menopause
  • puberty
  • uterine fibroids or cysts
  • anovulation (lack of ovulation)
  • hyperthyroidism
  • hypothyroidism
  1. Conditions that result in having a second period

If your body is acquainted with a regular menstrual cycle, a sudden appearance of an irregular period might be an indication of a medical condition. Below are given the eligible medical condition that might lead to periods twice a month: 

  1. STIs or sexually transmitted infections can cause you to have an extra period or discharge
  2. Pregnancy can result in spots. When someone is pregnant, spotting is considered to be normal. However, you should inform your doctor about any kind of bleeding that took place during pregnancy. 
  3. Miscarriage involves heavy bleeding. So, if you think you are expecting a bleed that is similar to menstrual bleeding, you should immediately call your doctor. 

Risk factors 

If any of your elder family members suffered from cysts, fibroids, or early-onset menopause, then you are having increased chances of going through 2 periods in a month. 

You should see a doctor if you are going through any of the following: 

  1. Presence of dark clotted blood in your menstrual blood
  2. Pain originating from the lower abdomen that does not leave after a few days
  3. Going through heavy bleeding
  4. If you bleed or spot in between the periods-free days. This is often mistaken as two periods in one month. 
  5. Going through more menstrual cramps than previous periods
  6. Going through pain while having sexual intercourse

Complications 

Another effect that is caused by frequent bleeding is anemia. Anemia occurs when there is a lack of iron present in the blood. You need to ask your doctor to recommend a hemoglobin test. By this test, you will get to know about the real cause of your abnormal bleeding. 

Here are the symptoms that people with anemia go through: 

  • dizziness
  • shortness of breath
  • irregular heartbeat
  • fatigue
  • headache
  • weakness

Treatment

You can also go for hormonal birth control. This will regulate your periods as well as put an end to the anemia condition of heavy bleeding.

Below are given the various diseases that might be the cause of your frequent bleeding:

  • Menopause 

At the beginning of the menopause phase, your doctor might prescribe you hormone therapy and estrogen replacement therapy. These types of treatments will help your body to regulate periods. The periods then slowly vanish as menopause progresses. 

  • Hyperthyroidism 

If someone suffers from hyperthyroidism, this means that they have an overactive thyroid gland. Your body produces more than required thyroid hormones. 

Several treatments can be taken to cure this condition. Consulting a doctor about the type of treatment will be better. 

  • Hypothyroidism

If someone suffers from hypothyroidism, this means that they have an underactive thyroid gland. Your body produces less than required thyroid hormones. 

To treat this condition, you will be prescribed thyroid hormone replacement therapy, which is taken orally. 

  • Fibroid and cyst

There are  several treatments available for someone who has cysts or uterine fibroids that has to be prescribed by the doctor. 

  1. IUD or intrauterine device: this is a form of birth control that can help the body deal with heavy periods. This treatment will not shrink the fibroids. 
  2. Uterine artery embolization: this process causes minimal invasion thus restricting the blood supply to the uterus. This process will lead to the shrinkage and decay of fibroids. 
  3. MRIguided ultrasound surgery: this procedure is processed inside an MRI scanner. It is non-invasive and it can remove the cyst or fibroid. This procedure is carried out in specialized centers only. 
  4. Hysterectomy: this is the process by which the uterus is removed through surgery. 
  5. Myomectomy: these are different types of ways in which fibroids can be removed through a surgical process. 
  6. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists: these medications are prescribed to treat fibroids. They block the production of progesterone and estrogen thus putting the body into a postmenstrual phase that is temporary. 

This results in the shrinking of the fibroids thus stopping them from further growth. 

  • Stress

When changes in one’s lifestyle take place, it affects the stress level too. Thus, making an impact on the menstrual cycle. So, relieving stress will also bring your cycle back to normal. 

You can do various stress-relieving activities such as meditation, exercise regularly, or even join therapy. 

  • Extreme weight gain or loss

When the weight is lost or gained dramatically, it is due to some underlying disease. So, curing the disease will also cure the menstrual cycle. 

Consult a doctor regarding this problem and treat yourself as they say. 

  • Reaction to birth control 

Taking birth control means introducing new hormones into the body. Thus, affecting the menstrual cycle. 

So, if you think your birth control is the main culprit, try consuming a different type that suits your health better. Keep in mind that your body will also take time to get acquainted with the new birth control too. 

The bottom line 

At last, treating the cause of extra bleeding will ultimately bring you back to your regular period cycle. Make sure you follow the treatment in the right way so that you don’t get periods twice a month. 

Read: What are the reasons behind your period fatigue?

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