A UTI is an infection of the urinary tract that can happen in your kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra or any region of your urinary system that affects your urinary tract. It is considered a bladder infection (cystitis) when affecting the lower urinary tract. If it affects the upper urinary tract and is called a kidney infection (pyelonephritis). Symptoms of the lower infection in the urinary tract include discomfort with urination, repeated urge for urination, even when the bladder is empty. In addition to the symptoms of lower UTI, symptoms of kidney infection typically include fever and flank pain. At times, you may urinate blood along with urine, but it’s a rare condition. However, symptoms may not be very obvious in the early stages.
Women are at a greater risk of being infected with the urine tract. Some experts identify the lifetime risk of having one in 2, with many women repeatedly infected, often for years. In their lives, about 1 in 10 men is going to get a UTI.
Are sex and UTI interrelated?
The explanation for the sex prevalence of UTIs is that the physical allowance of a woman’s urinary tract to come into contact with genitals and anus bacteria. these bacteria can quickly spread up the urinary system and trigger infection following contact. That’s one of the reasons why women have more UTIs than men. Indeed, in the previous 24 hours, nearly 80% of premenopausal women with UTI had sex.
This means that you are at a greater risk of getting infected with UTI if you engage in sexual activity. You raise the risk if you are using a diaphragm as it reduces the bladder from emptying. But you shouldn’t be constrained by this. Preventive steps to minimize risks have to be taken.
This is because of female anatomy that women are more likely to get infected by UTI from sex. Women’s urethra is at a lesser distance than men, so the bacteria can get into the bladder more quickly. It is significant to mention that you can also have UTI from oral sex, not just from penetrative sex. Bacteria can also invade the urethra with oral sex that may lead to an infection. Moreover, people who have a history of recurring UTIs or UTIs are at elevated risk of such diseases.
Home remedies for UTI
There are certain home remedies for UTI, one can include in their routine and cure UTI’s.
- Stay hydrated
The bacteria in your bladder are washed away with the help of water. This helps clear the infection more easily. It also dilutes the urine so urinating can be less painful. Urine is made from the body’s waste materials. Dark urine can be more intense and irritating and result in inflammation if you experience an infection of the bladder. With the consumption of fluids, the colour of the urine is lighter and diluted urine does not normally irritate as much.
Fluid intake was associated with the eliminating risk of infection with urinary tract to an extent. This is because frequent urination can help to avoid infection by flashing urinary bacteria. A study examined long-term urinary catheters and found that low urine performance was associated with increased UTI risk. A 2003 study of 141 girls found that both low fluid intake and uncommon urination were correlated with persistent UTIs.
- Include cranberries in your diet
For generations, cranberries were used to cure UTIs. The reason is that cancer contains proanthocyanidins, chemicals which prohibit bacteria from adhering to urinary tract walls. There also is quinic acid in cranberries which works to destroy urinary tract bacteria.
Although researchers have confirmed that cranberry juice or pills can be helpful in UTI care, other research has found that cranberries have no positive effect. The fruit is unlikely to hurt you even though it doesn’t help treat UTIs. But if the blood thinner is like warfarin, do not drink cranberry juice.
In a new survey, women with recent UTI stories drank a 24-week, 8-ounce serving of cranberry juice each day. Cranberry juice drinkers had less UTI accidents than the control group. However, this assertion is backed by anecdotal proof.
- Using heating pads for relief
UTIs induced irritation, strain, and pain in your pubic region. Using heating pads can help to soothe the area and give some relief from the inflammation. Keep the heat low, don’t add it straight to the skin, and restrict the usage for preventing burning. You can also wrap a cloth around to lessen the heat, the skin is exposed to. Heat can help relieve the pain in the abdominal region as well as your back. This can be particularly useful in conjunction with your medicines.
- Taking antibiotics
Probiotics are useful microorganisms consumed through foods or supplements. You should facilitate a good bacterial balance in your intestines. Probiotics are given in additional or in fermented foods such as kefir, kimchi, kombucha, and probiotic yogurt. They are accessible. Probiotics have all been associated with better digestive health, enhanced immune function. Some studies suggest that certain probiotic strains can reduce UTI risk.
The bacteria that cause bladder disease are destroyed by antibiotics. Typically when you have a UTI, you need medicine to clear the germ that triggers the infection. Experts suggest antibiotic treatment of UTIs.
- Eliminate meat from your diet
Some studies have linked infected poultry and meat to E. coli bacteria strains that can cause UTI, for example. Experiments have failed to show the relation between UTIs and the consumption of meat or poultry. Infection can be caused by intestinal bacteria in the urinary tract. Further, some E. coli can non-spermicidal survive without problems in the intestines This is more dangerous for women than men because women have shorter urethras than men so that the bacteria are less far away from the bladder.
Slashing meat and concentrating on fruit and veggies will reduce the risk of UTIs slightly.
Do’s and don’ts
- Drink 6-8 bottles of water a day.
- Urinate when you have the urge to.
- Instead of baths, take showers.
- Wear cotton underwear.
- Change your clothes every day.
- Urinate before and after sex.
- Stop using a diaphragm or an alternative form of birth control.
- Using condoms which are nonspermicidal and contains lubes.
- Women must clean after urination from the front to the back and not in the opposite direction
- Women must avoid vaginal sprays or douches.
Keep the above- mentioned points in mind and it will help to combat UTI’s and give you some relief.