What is Iontophoresis?
Iontophoresis is a process of injectable drug supply by the application of a voltage gradient on the skin. Molecules are transported through the stratum of electrophoresis and electro-osmosis, which also enhances the absorption of skin in the electrical field.
A medical device is used during iontophoresis to deliver medication through biological membranes by mild electromagnetic waves frequently while your affected body part is overflowing with water. Iontophoresis is the most standard treatment for hyperhidrosis, which leads to chronic and prolonged sweat. The vibrations are sometimes supplied to your hands, feet, or armpits to partially block your sweat glands. Some people feel a faint pitting feel, however, the electric charge isn’t intense enough yet to stun you.
In some conditions, such as hot climates, physical exercise, or no causes, this sweating may occur. Health issues, for example, hyperthyroidism or menopause may also contribute to it. In addition to the treatment of iontophoresis, sports injuries can also be treated with anti-inflammatory medicine directly in the skin.
For iontophoresis, there are many different uses. Included but not limited to:
- Reduce swelling
- Diminishing pain
- Muscle spasm reduction
- Swelling and edema reduction
- Reduce the body’s calcium deposits
- Manage the tissue of the scar
What is the use of Iontophoresis?
Iontophoresis is primarily used to treat excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis) focal areas, especially on the palms or soles. The axilla is less effective for tap water iontophoresis.
Few rigorous details are collected; some reports have indicated a subjective improvement for manifestations in up to 80-85% of people with palmar hyperhidrosis within 2-4 weeks. One analysis of the iontophoresis tap-water revealed a 33% progress of the soles and 37,5% of the axilla after 14 days, up 78% and 75% each over 20 days.
Iontophoresis was also successfully used to administer skin medicines to the following:
- Further, minimize sweating by using a glycopyrronium or botulinum toxin A anticholinergic agent.
- The skin region with lignocaine is anaesthetized.
- Treat fungal nail plate infection (onychomycosis).
- Eradicate contamination by using silver ions because of resistant microorganisms
- Act with anti-inflammatory medications for bursitis or tendonitis.
How does iontophoresis work?
It is not fully understood how iontophoresis works to reduce sweating. As a result of sympathetic nervous activity in sweat cells, the sweat forms in response to an electricity gradient. There are various theories about how an electric gradient change reduces the amount of sweat produced.
- The sweat ducts in the corneum stratum may be physically blocked by iontophoresis.
- The external electric current will interfere with normal nerve transmission.
- Owing to the hydrogen ion concentration, pH decreases in the sweat gland.
However, sodium electrolyte solution or an anticholinergic substance such as glycopyrronium bromide) can be applied to induce hyperhidrosis normally with normal tap water, if the water itself is ineffective.
Your physiotherapist uses an electrical stimulating system to apply iontophoresis to your body. You would possibly experience a mild tingling sensation when the electrical discharge is triggered. The sensation often feels like a slight bee sting. You should alert your physiotherapist if you are uncomfortable during iontophoresis, and adaptations can take place.
Standard treatment of iontophoresis takes 10-20 minutes, depending on the amount of therapy your PT provides. Only your PT removes electrodes and checks your skin after your iontophoresis procedure is finished. Don’t be shocked if the electrode was inserted, turning your skin red; it is normal following iontophoresis.
Your PT will provide you with detailed guidance after you receive your iontophoresis medication. Sometimes ice retention or heat therapies are recommended after iontophoresis because these treatments shift the movement of ice into the injured region. This modified circulation will “wash away” the newly added medicine in your body. You can ask your physical therapist if you have concerns about what to do with the following iontophoresis.
Possible side effects
In general, Iontophoresis is a safe process. Direct contact with electrodes should be avoided during treatment because it can induce a slight electrical shock. Most people will experience a sensation like pins and needles or fire. Negative consequences can include:
- Treated skin redness
- Pompholyx (small blisters)
- Skin or dermatitis dry and cracked.
Emollient/moisturizers should be used multiple times a day to minimize symptoms, while these side effects from iontophoretic are likely to be resolved within a few days. Application of systemic corticosteroids. If used, the physiotherapy can absorb anticholinergic drugs like Glycopyrronium, causing systemic adverse effects like maze, dry eyes, and dry mouth.
Please note that iontophoresis is a reactive procedure, and you are directly engaged in the treatment with the most effective physical therapy programs. Active workouts are also the most critical aspect of your recovery and make sure that your PT provides you with a management plan while you are not in the therapy clinic.
Although the procedure is generally considered safe, the drawbacks and safety concerns are not limited. Iontophoresis devices are known as the US when used for systemic drug delivery. The Class 3 Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is an instrument with a total of artificial disc substitutions and neurostimulators implanted.
- An epileptic patient or a history of convulsions.
- A heart disease patient
- A metal implant patient
- A pregnant woman
The patients need to postpone care, as iontophoresis can be painful and treatment less successful when they have a fresh wound, skin graft, or scar in the area needing treatment.
A significant part of your physical therapy may involve iontophoresis, a form of electrical stimulation. It is used to reach the body with drugs to accomplish special therapeutic objectives. Iontophoresis may be a recovery that will allow you to return easily and efficiently after an impairment to normal operation. Iontophoresis, a form of electrical activity, may play an important role in your physical therapy. It is used with medications to enter the body to achieve special therapeutic aims. Iontophoresis may be a restoration that helps you to begin to recover operation with ease and productivity after a deficiency.