Did you know, every year around 1.2 million deaths directly occur due to high blood sugar levels and around 2.2 million deaths happen due to conditions that ensue due to such high levels of sugar? Quite terrifying right? Acclaimed as the silent killer by doctors worldwide, high blood sugar levels in the body can be very difficult to diagnose and if it is ignored and not treated properly, it can also be the cause of death as already seen for large populations of people.
Can high blood sugar levels be treated with the help of natural remedies? Is high blood sugar levels untreatable? What to do if sugar levels in your system shoot up suddenly? If you are also curious to learn the answers to all the above questions, then keep on reading the article to know more about this topic.
What do we mean by high blood sugar levels in the system?
Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar is a condition which occurs when our body is not able to make enough or properly use the insulin in the system. The sugar levels in our body are controlled by two hormones, insulin and glucagon and high blood sugar levels are especially caused by insulin.
The sugar levels spike up when glucose builds up in the bloodstream. The food we consume is broken down into glucose and glucose is the primary source of energy for the body. Glucose acts as a fuel for the proper working of the muscles, organs and the brain. But did you know, glucose cannot be used by the body unless it enters the cells? And here comes the function of insulin. Insulin is the hormone that regulates the glucose and helps it to enter the cell.
When our body is not able to properly synthesize insulin, it causes a buildup of glucose in the bloodstream which in the long run causes damage to organs, nerves and blood vessels.
It is very difficult to diagnose high blood sugar levels in initial stages but doctors have been able to identify certain symptoms that will help you to deduce whether you suffer from high blood sugar levels or not.
The common symptoms are
- Constantly having a dry mouth and feeling thirsty often.
- Increase of the need to go to the bathroom often
- Feeling tired and lethargic
Causes of high blood sugar level
High blood sugar levels in the body can be due to various reasons ranging from chronic conditions to excess consumption of certain food ingredients. Some of the most common causes of high blood sugar levels are
- When the system is not able to synthesise insulin properly
- If you are a diabetic patient, skipping insulin or glucose-lowering medicine can lead to high blood sugar levels
- Eating an excess of carbohydrates rich food through diet
- Having an infection or illness
- Excessive stress and anxiety
- Inactive or exercising less than usual
How to lower blood sugar?
The condition of high blood sugar level or hyperglycemia can severely affect people with diabetes, therefore it is essential to maintain some measures that can slowly and gradually lower the blood sugar levels and can help you to lead a healthy life.
Some of the most effective measures are to lower blood sugar :
- Lifestyle changes
We all know that stress and anxiety are big factors that spike sugar levels in the blood. Balancing stress and anxiety levels provide abundant benefits for people with high blood sugar levels.
Blood sugar levels are controlled by glucagon and insulin. Insulin lowers the glucose levels whereas glucagon increases the sugar levels. Increase in stress levels heightens glucagon and cortisol hormones in the system which causes the sugar levels in the system to shoot up. After a long, tiring and stressful day, try to reduce your stress levels. Manage your anxiety levels by following yoga or other relaxation methods. You can go for massage sessions or use aromatherapy for leisure.
Poor sleeping habits also affect insulin sensitivity. Therefore make sure to sleep at least eight hours a day and have a peaceful night’s sleep. It decreases cortisol hormones and also regulates the sugar levels in the system.
Exercises have time and again shown how it is extremely beneficial for the general well being of our system. Regular exercising helps to achieve moderate weight if you are obese or overweight and some studies also have shown that it can also increase insulin sensitivity. If the glucose levels build up in your bloodstream with exercising, it can be then effectively used for energy and muscle contraction.
Some of the exercises that you can include in your daily routine that will help to reduce blood sugar level:
- Brisk walking
- Dancing, Zumba, swimming, aerobics and cycling. You can also go for water aerobics if you are someone who loves water
- Sports and fitness classes
- Housework, yard and garden chores
- Cardio training including resistance, light weights and elastic bands
- Maintaining a proper diet
Diet for people who have high blood sugar levels is absolutely essential for the proper regulation of sugar levels in their system.
For an average human being, sugar levels usually increase after consuming heavy meals and therefore for people who are already suffering from hyperglycemia, they should follow some measures that will keep their sugar level problems at a bay.
Some effective tips are:
- Manage your carbohydrates intake. Carbohydrates provide energy for the body but it also breaks down into sugar and glucose. Consuming excess carbohydrates spikes up the sugar levels. Try to reduce your carbohydrate intake to as much as possible.
- Fibre is an interesting option to balance the carbohydrate intake of the body. Fibre slows down carbohydrate digestion and makes your blood sugar level rise gradually. It also provides other benefits for the body, therefore, include food items which are rich in soluble and insoluble fibre into your daily diet.
- Choose foods who have a low glycemic index. Glycemic index is a factor which affects the rate in which the blood sugar level rises. Lower the glycemic level of the food, better it is for people affected with hyperglycemia.
- Eat foods that are rich in magnesium and chromium, the key minerals whose deficiency causes blood levels to spike.
Implement portion control into your daily diet. It not only helps to check your calorie intake and regulate the sugar levels but also helps you to manage your weight. Apart from the above tips, you can also include apple cider vinegar, fenugreek seeds, berberine and cinnamon extract into your diet.
Now there you go, everything you need to know on how to lower your blood sugar levels.
Sugar lowering medications should be therefore kept at handy for such conditions always. Consult a doctor for proper medications and treatments and we are pretty sure that simultaneously following the above-mentioned tips can also help you to lead a healthy life.