Canker sores are the other name of mouth ulcers, is a painful lesion in the mouth or the gum base. This takes place in the inner lining of the mucus membrane, the area gets eroded. There could be several reasons for the occurrence of mouth ulcers like biting your inner cheek lining accidentally, viral bacteria infection, fungal infections, aphthous ulceration, certain medical conditions, and oral cancer, medical drugs, skin rashes in the inner lining of the cheeks, etc.
Many canker sores are round or oval with a white or yellow centre and a red margin. They develop in your mouth — on or under your tongue, inside your cheeks or lips, at the base of your gums, or on your soft palate. One or two days before the sores fully appear, you may experience a tingling or blistering effect.
If you are suffering from this condition, you may find it difficult to eat and drink. People who have a family history of mouth ulcers are at a higher risk of developing them in their lifetime. Mouth ulcers, in most instances, are benign and can be solved without therapy within 10-14 days. Recurrent ulcers of the aphthous ulcer affect up to 25% of the populace.
Even though aphthous ulcers have no obvious symptoms in most people, these ulcers may be attributable to a vitamin B, folate or iron deficiency in a small percentage of people. However, you should look for the advice of your physician if you have a big, incredibly painful cancer, or if it lasts without a cure for a long time, as mouth ulcers do not usually last for more than one-two weeks. In case it does, contact your doctor immediately.
Mouth ulcer causes
There can be certain factors which trigger mouth ulcers. These causes are as follows:
- Minor mouth injury, hard brushing, sports damage, or accidental bite from dental work
- Braces of teeth
- Modifications to hormones during menstruation
- Dentures and mouth rinses containing lauryl sulphate in sodium
- Sleep deprivation or psychological stress
- Sensitivities to foods such as bananas, citrus fruits, and pineapples, as well as other foods such as chocolate or coffee
- infections from bacteria, viruses or fungi
- Mouth bacteria allergic reaction
- the absence of vitamin B-12, zinc, folate and iron in particular
Other than these reasons, there could be other conditions which can prove to be more fatal and require immediate medical attention. These conditions are-
- celiac disease (a condition in which the body is unable to tolerate gluten)
- an immune system that malfunctions causing the body to target healthy mouth cells rather than viruses and bacteria
- Gastrointestinal disease inflammatory
- The disease of Behcet (a condition that causes inflammation throughout the body)
- Mellitus diabetes
Mouth ulcer symptoms
Three forms of cancer sores exist: minor, major and herpetiform.
Minor ulcer sores are tiny, oval or round ulcers that heal without scarring within a week or two.
Major mouth ulcers are significantly larger than minor ones. They can take up to six weeks to recover and have irregular edges. Significant mouth ulcers can lead to long-term cicatrisation.
Under this form of mouth ulcers, the ulcers occur in clusters of about 10-100 and are usually very tiny. This type of ulcer can usually be seen in adults. These types of mouth ulcers do not have a particular shape and have irregular edges and heal within a week or two without leaving any scar behind.
If you develop one of the following, you should see a doctor:
- Sores that last for over 3 weeks
- Exceptionally big ulcers in the mouth
- High diet and alcohol issues
- Over-the-counter pain or natural remedies cannot be regulated
- High fever or diarrhoea when the cancer is detected
- Mouth ulcer which arises in your mouth and extends to your lips
- Painless sores
- when the new ulcers get cured before the older ones
How to cure mouth ulcers?
A visual examination will help your doctor to diagnose mouth ulcers. You could be screened for other medical conditions if you have regular, serious mouth ulcers. Most ulcers do not have to be treated.
However, if you get mouth ulcers regularly and which are particularly painful, you can reduce the pain and recovery time with a variety of treatments. Including:
- Saltwater rinse and baking soda rinse
- Apply milk of magnesia milk on the ulcer
- Covering mouth ulcers with baking soda paste
- Using drugs such as Orajel or Anbesol with over-the-counter benzocaine (topical anaesthetics),
- Ice for canker sores
- Use a steroid-containing mouth rinse to minimise discomfort and swelling
- Using topical pastes
- Put soaked tea bag on the ulcers
- Take nutritions such as folic acid, B-6, B-12, and zinc.
- Trial of natural remedies like camomile tea, echinacea, myrrh and root of liquorice
The doctor can also help with the mouth ulcers and the doctor may prescribe a treatment for the acceleration of cures or illness or pain relief, for example:
- Mouthwash antimicrobial
- Mouthwash, gel, or spray painkilling
- corticosteroid lozenges
Home remedies for mouth ulcers
There are certain home remedies which one can adopt to get rid of these ulcers:
- Alum powder
- Saltwater rinse
- Baking soda rinse
- Hydrogen peroxide
- Milk of magnesia
- Chamomile compress
- Sage mouthwash
- Apple cider vinegar mouthwash
- zinc lozenges
- Vitamin B supplement
- watermelon frost
Mouth ulcer precautions
The severity of mouth ulcers can be minimised. It might be beneficial to avoid food that irritates your mouth. Acidic fruits such as apples, grapefruits, oranges or lemons are included, as are nuts, chips or spicy products. Choose whole grains of fruit and vegetables and alkaline (acidic), instead.
Take an equilibrated, balanced diet and multivitamin every day. Avoid talking while eating your food in order to cut unintended bites. It can also help to relieve tension and preserve good oral hygiene through the frequent use of dental floss and brush after dinner. Get a sound sleep and rest well. This avoids not only mouth ulcers but also a host of other diseases.
Some people also find it beneficial to avoid soft bristles and mouthwashes containing sodium lauryl sulphate. Your dentist may supply wax to cover rough edges in the dental or orthodontic mouth.