What is Psoriasis?
You suffer from psoriasis when your skin becomes rough, red, and tends to fall off. It is a chronic skin disease in which dead skin cells pile up and form dry patches on the skin.
Psoriasis can be formed at different locations such as on the scalp, genitals, face, feet, hands, and nails. The different types of psoriasis are Guttate, Pustular, Plaque, Inverse, and Erythrodermic psoriasis.
Symptoms of Psoriasis
Psoriasis symptoms are quite noticeable as they are characterized by red patches, flaky skin that is itchy, painful and in severe cases, the unsmooth skin starts to bleed. Psoriasis can also be accompanied by psoriasis arthritis giving rise to the painful joint condition. So, how to know which type of psoriasis it is:
- Plaque Psoriasis
It is the most common type of psoriasis characterized by redness covered with silvery, white scales, and inflamed skin.
These prove to be itchier as compared to other types and burns often. This mainly occurs in the area of elbows, knees, scalp, and lower back.
- Guttate Psoriasis
This type of psoriasis mainly occurs in children and young adults. Under this type, cases are rare and are characterized by small, pink-red spots on the skin. This mainly occurs in the area of one’s trunk, upper arms, thighs, and scalp
- Inverse Psoriasis
Also known as intertriginous psoriasis and is characterized by red and inflamed lesions on the skin but it is neither dry nor raised, which makes this type different from the others. This might get worse with sweating and rubbing. This mainly occurs in the area of armpits, groin, under the breasts, around the genitals, and buttocks.
- Pustular Psoriasis
This type of psoriasis is not common and if occurs, it’s mostly caused in adults. This one is characterized by widespread inflammation of the skin, blisters, or pustular filled with white or yellow pus. The blister appears to be red on light skin whereas appears too dark in color on darker skin.
Pustular psoriasis needs to be treated by a medical professional as this type can be life-threatening.
- Erythrodermic Psoriasis
As it mainly occurs at the onset of plaque psoriasis, it can also be called Zumbusch pustular psoriasis. Though it is very unlikely to happen, still, it is a severe condition. The peeling rash tends to spread widely and appears in the color red. The skin looks burned and sheds in sheets instead of minute flakes.
What causes Psoriasis?
Psoriasis causes are different for their different kinds. In the case of inverse and plaque psoriasis studies show no specific reason but doctors are sure that genes and one’s immune system do play a major role.
When a human body is battling with an infection, the resistant or immune system will overutilize itself to fight the infection. When something is overused, destruction is caused. The same happens to our cells. This causes the skin cells to grow deep in the skin steadily, slowly rising to the outer boundaries of our facial organs and this rapid buildup causes roughness and red patches on the skin’s surface.
- In the case of guttate psoriasis, a strep throat infection is said to be its trigger. This infection might be caused due to flu, tonsillitis, and sinus infections.
- Pustular psoriasis is caused due to the consumption of certain drugs (during fever or pain), steroids, and harmful UV rays.
- Erythrodermic psoriasis is caused due to consumption of alcohol, a body’s reaction to drugs, HIV, and severe sunburn.
Treatment for Psoriasis
Psoriasis treatments can be done at home as well as at a clinic, depending on its kind.
- Emollients (topical medications)
Emollients or ointments are applied directly to the affected areas of the skin. Applying these regularly is necessary for the curing process. These protect the already damaged skin areas from being largely affected by the bad cells. These in return result in a visible reduction of roughage as well as redness.
Look for these elements while buying any emollient: – salicylic acid, coal tar, aloe vera, jojoba, capsaicin, zinc pyrithione, and glycerin. These are free of steroids which gives freedom to use them frequently and in generous amounts.
- Light treatment
Light therapy, also known as phototherapy, has shown considerable results in reducing psoriasis symptoms. Again, this therapy can be used alone or in combination with topical medications. This therapy takes place in special cabins where fluorescent lamps are installed whose purpose is to emit UV LIGHT of a certain wavelength.
It involves exposing the affected areas of skin to ultraviolet rays (uv light). These emissions reduce inflammation and slow the production of skin cells.
The famous saying “You are what you eat” holds undoubtedly true. Whatever you eat can either have a good or bad effect on your system. In today’s hectic world, fast food is the go-to food, easy and delicious. Repeated and long-term consumption leads to the impurity of blood, as outside food is mostly high on sodium and trans-fat which can cause obesity, triggering the immune system which ultimately gives rise to health issues, including psoriasis.
People suffering from psoriasis should completely cut down on their alcohol consumption. If your body is obese, losing weight is a solution too. Eat less processed foods, refined sugar, red meat, and dairy. It doesn’t mean you rigorously cut down on your food pleasures, you are allowed to enjoy it in a considerable amount and once in a while.
One should consume food that fights inflammation. A balanced diet is the only solution, including fruits, vegetables, good fats (dry fruits), pure proteins (chicken breasts, tofu), and keeping yourself hydrated.
Home remedies to treat Psoriasis
- Starting with the eating habits, make it a point, and always eat home-cooked food.
- Go outside and give yourself a dose of vitamin D. This in a way is a light treatment itself.
- Add some Dead Sea or Epsom Salts to warm water making it into a thin paste and slightly rub for about 15 mins. The salts reduce the skin cells making its texture smoother.
- Add turmeric powder to your food while cooking. It has antioxidants that cleanse the body from within.
- Meditation helps to flush out toxins from the body. Make it a habit of meditating for 15 minutes daily.
- Apply moisturizer on the affected areas and cover it with a plastic wrap/cling film before sleeping. It helps the skin to observe the moisturizer and prevent drying out.
- Aloe vera is a great element to fight inflammation. It helps in reducing the redness.
Lastly, you can only see these home remedies work when you practice them daily. Similarly, all other treatments will also show their effectiveness when taken systematically. Know your body and choose the best way to treat it. After all, you know what’s best for you!