Nausea cannot be caused by the underlying condition. For example, movement, eating too much or too little or consuming too much alcohol, from a car and plane, pills on an empty stomach. Nausea is a sensation of discomfort, which sometimes happens before vomiting. Nausea may be short and acute, or prolonged.
Prolonged nausea can be a symptom of prolonged weakness. The psychological or physical cause may be nausea (and vomiting). It can be caused by brain or upper gastrointestinal tube issues (oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, liver, pancreas, and gallbladder). Nausea can also be caused outside the gastrointestinal system by diseases of several organs. Therefore, it might not be an easy task to diagnose the cause of long nausea.
Both stimuli which cause nausea function through the vomiting centre in the brain, which produces nausea and co-ordinates the vomiting physical action. Symptoms of nausea are also hard to explain to people. The signs of nausea are not painful, but very unpleasant sensations in the stomach, upper abdomen, or back of your throat. Other causes of nausea include medicine, discomfort, pregnancies and vomiting in the morning, seasick disease, viral infection, alcoholic poisoning, and brain disease, oesophagus, stomach, gallbladder, liver and bowel movement.
Common causes of nausea
The most common causes of nausea include :
- Abdominal pain
- Morning sickness
- Emotional stress
- Gallbladder disease
- Food poisoning
- A reaction to certain smells or odours
- Heart attack
- Concussion or brain injury
- Brain tumour
- Bulimia or other psychological illnesses
- Gastroparesis or slow stomach emptying (a condition that can be seen in people with diabetes)
- Bowel obstruction
Vomiting triggers vary depending on age. For infants, vomiting is normal from a viral infection, food poisoning, milk allergy, movement disorder, prolonged or feeding, toxic bowel movements, or blocked intestines, and diseases with a high fever. Other causes of nausea include side effects from medications, pain, pregnancy and morning sickness, seasickness, viral infection, alcohol toxicity, and disease of the brain, oesophagus, stomach, gallbladder, liver, pancreas, and intestine.
The cause can be determined by the period of nausea or vibration. Nausea or vomiting can result from food poisoning, gastritis, an ulcer or bulimia when it occurs just after a meal. Food poisoning can also be indicated by nausea or vomiting one to 8 hours after a meal. Certain bacteria borne by food, such as salmonella, may take longer to cause symptoms.
How can nausea and vomiting be managed or relieved?
There are many ways to control and relieve nausea. However, if these methods do not seem to alleviate queasiness, speak to your doctor. Some easy tips to treat nausea:
- Drink beverages that are clear or ice-cold.
- Eat light food and avoid oily food
- Avoid foods that are fried, grated, or candy.
- Little eat and regular smaller meals.
- Do not pair hot foods with cold meals.
- Drink slowly
- Change your eating habit and adopt a healthier one
- Select food from all food groups
Additional steps that you can take to treat nausea and vomiting regardless of your age:
- Always stay hydrated
- Stay away from solid food until the episode of vomiting is over
- take enough rest
- Temporarily avoid all oral drugs that may irritate the stomach and exacerbate vomiting
An oral rehydration solution should be applied to avoid and treat dehydration if vomiting and diarrhoea last for more than 24 hours.
Other forms of medication may also be used to treat vomiting associated with surgery, radiation therapy, anticancer medications, alcohol and morphine. Prescription and non-prescription medications are also used to manage vomiting from pregnancy, movement and vertigo. However, before using these therapies, you can check with a medical professional.
There are certain methods and ways by which one can try and treat or at least prevent nausea. These are not quite big and include some basic changes in your everyday routine. Some of them are:
- Take tiny meals every day instead of heavy meals
- Chew the food properly
- Avoid foods that take time in digestion
- Consume food that is cold or at room temperature
- Resting at an elevated position also helps treat nausea
If you have nausea, eat some crackers before you leave the room, or have a high-protein snack (lean meat or cheese) before bed. Drink beverages between meals and drink at least six to eight eight-ounce glasses of dehydration water every day. Try eating if you feel less sick.
How can you avoid vomiting once you feel nauseated?
Sweetened fluids like soda pop, fruit juices (except orange and grapefruit because these are too acidic) and popsicle should be avoided. Supply Drinks of sugar better than other liquids keep the stomach calm. You must either in a seated or assisted lying position. Action can exacerbate nausea and cause vomiting.
For infants, use medicines to manage frequent coughs and fever. Seat your child to the front windshield to cope with motion sickness in a vehicle (watching fast movement out the side windows can make nausea worse). Limit your snacks to daily soda pop and do not serve sweet snacks. Don’t let your children eat and play simultaneously. Encourage them during the snack to take a rest.
Can nausea prove to be fatal?
Seek medical attention immediately if signs of a heart attack follow nausea. The signs of a heart attack include chest crushing pain, extreme headaches, jaws, sweating, or left arm pain. If you experience nausea, intense headaches, tight neck, trouble breathing or confusion, you should also seek emergency treatment. Check for health aid, if you believe that you have swallowed or dehydrated a harmful substance. See the doctor if nausea has stopped you from eating or drinking for more than 12 hours.
You can also contact the doctor if your nausea does not subside for 24 hours after attempting over-the-counter procedures. If you are scared, you might be having a medical emergency and always seek medical attention. It’s always good to talk to a medical expert if nausea makes you feel uncomfortable, even if it does not give you the above-mentioned sensations as a medical expert will be able to understand your situation and tell you how its situation is to be handled. This way any major mishappening can be avoided.