Coronavirus (COVID-19) disease is a coronavirus-related infectious disease. The two extremely transmissible and pathogenic viruses arising at the beginning of the 21st century are extreme acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV).
The two viruses have possibly come from bats, and genetically diverse SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV coronaviruses have been discovered worldwide in bats. A coronavirus is a type of contagious virus that causes nasal, sinus or upper throat infection. The coronavirus is not hazardous if detected at an early stage, before it spreads through the respiratory tract, making it hard to breathe. In early 2020, the World Health Organization recognised SARS-CoV-2 as a new form of coronavirus in China after its outbreak in December 2019. The disease spread rapidly all over the world.
Many COVID-19 infected people undergo mild to moderate respiratory ailments and recover without special treatment. The most likely to get infected by this are the elderly and those with basic medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disorders and cancer, may become severely ill. It is best to keep a distance from others to avoid getting infected and to take certain precautions by which the virus can be avoided and decreased. Protect themselves and others from contamination by washing their hands or by constantly rubbing with alcohol and don’t touch the skin. The COVID‐19 virus is mainly transmitted through saliva droplets or nose discharges when an infected person tows or sneezes, so you can use breathing marks as well (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).
The virus COVID-19 is mainly passed on through spit droplets produced by the sneezing, exhalation or coughing of an infected individual. They are too heavy to stay in the air and fall easily on ground and surfaces. If you are in the near vicinity of someone with COVID-19 or contact the contaminated surface, then the virus can travel through your eyes, nose or mouth and you may become infected. The COVID-19 virus is included in the Coronaviridae family of viruses. The antibiotics are a good option if the infection has increased. A bacterial infection can also be present as a result of certain people who get ill with COVID-19. A healthcare provider can prescribe antibiotics in this case.
Thermal scanners diagnose people with fever. People that are COVID-19 infected cannot be identified. The cause of fever is various. If you need help or seek medical treatment if you have a fever and live in an area of malaria or dengue, contact your healthcare provider.
People who should get tested for COVID-19
- People with COVID-19 symptoms.
- People within close proximity to a person with COVID-19 confirmation (within 6 feet for are15 minutes or longer).
- Persons who have been involved in activities which put COVID-19 at greater risk because they do not have the required social distances, such as travel, large social or mass meetings or crowded indoor settings, as needed.
- Individuals who have been questioned or referred by their healthcare provider, local external symbol or state department for research.
Not all must be checked. If testing takes place, auto-quarantine/isolation should take place at home awaiting test results and follow your health care provider or a public health practitioner’s advice. You can also visit the website of your state or local health icon to find the latest local testimonials. Contact your health care provider first if you have COVID-19 symptoms and want to be checked.
The symptoms of coronavirus are not visible in all the infected persons. Some people may be COVID-19 positive but they do not show any visible signs or symptoms. However, the common symptoms are-
- Trouble breathing
- Shortness of breath
- Congestion/runny nose
- Loss of smell or taste
- Sore throat
- Chills, sometimes with shaking
- Body aches
The virus can result in Pneumonia, respiratory failure, cardiac complications, hepatic conditions, septic shock and may even take away someone’s life. A disorder is known as cytokine release syndrome also called cytokine storm can result in COVID-19 complications. Inflammatory proteins called cytokines are causes the immune system to invading your bloodstream. It will destroy and damage the tissue of your bodies.
Contrary to the flu, many people are not immune to the coronavirus. Coronavirus tends to be more widespread than influenza in serious illness and mortality. However, the symptoms can differ greatly between individuals.
People with the following health ailments are more likely to get infected-
- Chronic kidney disease
- Sickle cell disease
- Type 2 diabetes
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- A weakened immune system because of an organ transplant
- Serious heart conditions such as heart failure or coronary artery disease
Self care tips for coronavirus
One can take certain steps to avoid contacting COVID-19 by following certain steps. The following are the coronavirus tips–
- Washing your hands regularly
- Try and avoid touching your face as the virus can travel from an infected surface to your nose or mouth.
- Avoid greeting people by hugging them or through a handshake.
- Avoid sharing your personal objects or items with other people. Always carry necessary stuff with yourself eg, water bottle, sanitizer, comb, phone, charger etc.
- Always cover your mouth with a handkerchief while coughing or sneezing
- Always disinfect your belongings with a sanitizer after returning home, like, phone, charger, wallet. Also use a disinfectant to clean door handles, furniture, toys, laptop, food packages etc.
- Always practice social distancing
- Avoid gatherings
- Eating or drinking in public places must be avoided
- Always wash your groceries before using them
- Never go out without wearing a mask. If you do not have one, you can also make it at home
- Self-quarantine if you are tested COVID-19 positive
Some additional coronavirus tips to be kept in mind
COVID-19 cannot be avoided alone by wearing a mask. Other precautions such as washing hands regularly and practising social distancing must be taken.
- Cloth masks do not function as well as other masks, such as surgical masks or N95 respirators. These additional masks can, however, be reserved for health workers and first responders.
- Wash your hands before putting your mask on
- After every use, wash your mask.
- Stop touching your masks as the virus can travel from your hands to your mask and your face.
- Always wash your hands or sanitize them after touching your mask.
- A mask must not be held by a child under the age of 2 years, a person who has breathing problems, or someone who cannot remove the mask alone.