Two kidney- beans-shaped organs (rajma) on the abdomen on both sides is where your kidney is located. Every kidney is equivalent to the size of a fist. Your kidney helps filter out excess water and throw urine out of your blood. If you have kidney disease, it means that the kidneys are weakened and that blood is not getting filtered as it would in the normal scenario.
If you have diabetes or high blood pressure, you are more likely to have kidney disease. Treatments include kidney transplantation or dialysis if you have a kidney failure. Active kidney failure, kidney cysts, kidney stones, and kidney infections are also kidney disorders. Blood and urine tests can be performed by the doctor to search for your illness. You would need dialysis or a kidney transplant if your kidneys fail.
Kidney diseases are a result of several years of damage to nephrons. Other reasons for kidney damage include:
- Environmental toxic exposure or certain drugs
- Some chronic and acute illnesses
- Low hydration
- The trauma of the kidney
If your kidneys can’t do their work regularly, your body is filled with toxins. This can lead to renal failure, which can endanger life if left untreated. Blood and urine tests can be performed by the doctor to search for your illness. You would need dialysis or a kidney transplant if your kidneys fail.
Kidney disease symptoms
Signs of kidney disease are not very obvious but may prove to be fatal if overlooked. Here is a list of signs of kidney diseases that you might mistake for stress or fatigue.
- You are unusually tired
You’re tired, have less energy, you find it difficult to concentrate or difficult to focus. A significant drop in kidney function will result in the accumulation of toxins and blood impurities. This can lead to people feeling tired, frail, and difficult to focus. Another complication of kidney disease is anemia, causing fatigue and weakness.
- You may find it difficult to sleep
You may usually experience a problem sleeping. If the kidneys do not filter correctly, toxins linger in the blood instead of leaving the body through urine. This can make sleeping hard. There is also a link between obesity and chronic kidney disease, with sleep apneas being more common in the general population than those with chronic kidney disease.
- Your skin feels itchy and dry
The skin tends to become dry and itchy if you are suffering from kidney diseases. Good kidneys are doing a lot of essential work. It eliminates waste and excess fluid, helps to produce red blood cells, helps keep the bones healthy, and keeps you restore the right kind of minerals essential for your body. The dry and itchy skin may be a symptom of mineral deficiency or bone disease that often contributes to advanced kidney disease when minerals and nutrients in your blood cannot be preserved properly.
- The urge to urinate
You may want to urinate very often. This may be a sign of kidney disease if you feel like you need to urinate more frequently, especially at night. Increased urination can be the result of the kidney unable to filter fluids, resulting in waste material not getting expelled from our system. This can often also be a symptom of a male urinary or prolonged prostate infection.
- You may urinate blood along with urine
You may be able to see blood when you urinate. Healthy kidneys normally hold the blood cells in the body and help to expel only waste products. But if you are suffering from kidney disease, due to damage in the renal filters, your body may start expelling out blood – ‘leak out’ blood when you urinate. Blood in the urine may signify tumors, kidney stones, or an infection in addition to kidney disease.
- Cloudy appearance of urine
Urine may appear cloudy or foaming when you urinate, this is due to excessive urine bubbles – particularly those that involve flushing multiple times before they go away– this also indicates the excess amount of protein in the urine. This cloudy appearance is similar to the ones that you may have seen in the eggs. This is because of the presence of albumin, a kind of protein found in both the eggs and urine.
- Your face may appear different
Your face appears different than usual, especially your eyes appear puffy, and you may seem tired. Protein in the urine is an early indicator of damage to the membranes of the kidneys, which leaks protein into the urine. It’s because your kidneys leak a major amount of protein in the urine instead of holding it in the body resulting in puffiness.
- You may experience swollen knees and cramps
You may experience swelling in your knees and feet due to underlying kidney diseases. The disrupted kidney function can cause sodium accumulation, which can cause your feet and your knees to swell. In the lower extremities swelling may also be a symptom of heart failure, liver disease, and complications in the chronic leg vein.
Further, you may also experience tightness of the muscles. Impaired kidney function can cause electrolyte imbalances. Low calcium and poorly regulated phosphorus, for example, may lead to muscle tightness.
Other than the above-stated kidney disease symptoms, a bad appetite can also be the reason which can result in kidney disease or trigger kidney disease. You need to take a well- balanced healthy diet to avoid any kind of fatalities that may arise in front of you.
Kidney disease signs and symptoms are often unspecific and may also be the result of some other underlying disease. Since your kidneys may be incredibly resilient to make you aware of their missing function, signs or symptoms become obvious usually after irreversible harm occurs.
Consult your physician if you have any symptoms or signs of renal failure. If you already have a blood pressure problem, there is a high chance for you to have kidney disease. Make frequent doctor visits even if your medical condition is not obvious. By the time you may come to know about an underlying medical condition, the damage would have already been done. Getting checked regularly tends to reduce your risk of kidney disease. There are also certain specific checks conducted especially to examine kidney health. Ask your physician if you need these check-ups.