A Complete Guide On Stage 2 Lung Cancer

According to the reports published by the medical councils, every year approximately 6.9 people die due to various forms of cancer and an estimated every sixth death in the world is due to cancer making it the second leading cause of fatality among people after cardiovascular ailments. 

The word cancer is enough to spread dread among people but we need to have adequate knowledge about the diseases so that diagnosing the symptoms at an early stage will help you to prevent the growth of the cancerous cells to the other parts and with the help of proper treatments and medications, the condition can be easily treated. 

Through this article, we would be talking about one such condition known as stage 2 lung cancer that although has been the leading cause of casualty among people but with the help of correct medications and treatments can be treated. 

What is stage 2 lung cancer? How to diagnose the condition? What are the treatments available for the ailment? What are the factors that can risk the aggravation of the condition? If you are also intrigued to know more, then continue reading the article as we delve deeper into the topic. 

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What is Stage 2 lung cancer? 

Before further elaborating on stage 2 lung cancer, we should first have some idea about lung cancer

There are two main types of lung cancer which are

  1. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) 
  2. Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) 

Out of these, NSCLC accounts for 80-85℅ cases. SCLC is categorized as a limited or extensive stage whereas NSCLC is further divided into four stages indicating the growth of cancerous cells. 

The stages of lung cancer are usually based upon the following parameters (TNM criteria) 

  1. Size and extent of tumours.
  2. If cancer has spread to the nearby lymph nodes.
  3. Whether cancer has spread to other distant organs or not (metastasis)

Stage 2 lung cancer indicates that the growth of cancer has spread beyond the lungs and has grown into the nearby lymph nodes. Stage 2 lung cancer also can be further subdivided into two stages

Stage IIA
  • Cancer is only in the lungs or in the main airway.
  • The size of the tumour is between 4-5 centimetres.
  • Part of the lungs collapsed.
  • Lung membrane have been inflamed (pneumonitis) 
Stage IIB
  • It is the more advanced stage of stage 2.
  • The size of the tumour ranges from 5-7 centimetres.
  • More than one tumour arises in the same lobe of the lungs as the main tumour.
  • Cancer has spread to the chest wall, its membranes or the nerves connecting to the diaphragm.
stage 2 lung cancer

Stage 2 lung cancer symptoms

It is difficult to detect the lung cancer symptoms at stage 1, however, with extensive studies and research, doctors have laid out the following symptoms that will help to diagnose the lung cancer stage as early as possible. 

  1. Coughing up phlegm or blood
  2. Bronchitis, coughing and pneumonia not going away
  3. Shortness of breath and dizziness
  4. Hoarse voice
  5. Loss of appetite
  6. Sudden loss of weight
  7. Tiredness and general fatigue
  8. Moderate to severe chest pain. This condition further worsens when a person inhales deeply or when laughing. 

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Treatments for Stage 2 lung cancer

The doctor decides the treatment you need to avail of based on the following factors

  • Type of cancer
  • Location of the main tumour
  • The spread of cancer to the other parts of the body
  • Prevailing health conditions

And the options available for treating stage 2 lung cancer are:

  1. Chemotherapy
types of lung cancer

One of the most common treatments available for lung cancer is chemotherapy. In this process, drugs help in shrinking the tumour and also simultaneously killing any cancer cells left afterwards. 

  1. Radiation

In this therapy, a machine with high beam energy rays is used to target the cancer cells from outside the body.

  1. Surgery

The most promising treatment that is generally used to treat stage 2 lung cancer is surgery. If the diagnosis is done at stage IIA and you are healthy enough, doctors generally recommend surgeries as the first-line treatment. The above-mentioned options are generally used before or after the operation or as required. The following surgery options are generally availed:

Wedge resection- If the tumour is small, then wedge resection is the option that should be availed. It involves the removal of a wedge-shaped section of the lung. 

Lobectomy- In this method, lobectomy involves the removal of affected lobes from the body. 

Sleeve resection- A part of the lung or a part of the affected main airway is removed through this procedure. 

Pneumonectomy- If the location of the tumour is where invasive surgeries are not possible, then the option of pneumonectomy is available. It involves the removal of an entire affected lung. 

How to deal with stage 2 lung cancer? 

We understand that it is extremely tough for any person who learns that he has cancer. However, with the advancement of medical sciences and new treatments, people have been combating cancer and living healthier and longer than ever. 

Follow the medicines and treatments provided by the doctors and also try to follow the following measures to boost your healing period and also reduce the risk of cancer in future.

  1. Quit smoking. Smoking cigarettes contain carcinogens which affects the lung tissue drastically and is one of the biggest factors that lead to the development of lung cancer in people.
  1. Avoid being exposed to radon gas or asbestos. 
  2. Follow a healthy lifestyle and limit your alcohol intake. 
  3. Consume a balanced diet that includes a lot of fruits, vegetables and lean proteins. 
  4. Drink more than eight glasses of water every day. 
  5. Stay active. Exercise and spent outdoors as much as possible. 

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Hopefully, this article was able to provide you with an insight into stage 2 lung cancer. Cancer can be a terrifying ailment to withstand but with the advancement of medical sciences, it is possible to ameliorate the condition easily if diagnosed in the early stages. Look out for the symptoms and if noticed any, immediately consult your healthcare provider. Remember to be mentally strong and with the help of correct treatments and medications, it will be easily treated. 

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