Did you experience vibrations in your teeth while having an ice cream? Or while biting an apple? And are these vibrations becoming frequent day by day? Then, by this time you may have concluded that you are suffering from a toothache and eager to know how and why this happened? Well, let’s dig deeper into this.
What is toothache?
In simple words, a toothache is when you go through an unexpected pain in the tooth, often characterized as a sudden vibration. This vibration may happen when you bite into some hard or cold food and even while flossing. This might strike you one time or might give you an ache continuously, depending upon what is the cause behind the toothache you are going through.
Causes of toothache
Pain in teeth could be due to many reasons and to name the most common cause of toothache is Cavity.
- Cavity, also known as tooth decay or caries, is the most common reason for continuous teeth-pain in adults as well as in children. They are permanent damage on teeth/tooth surfaces, that look like tiny holes often characterized by black color. These happen due to frequent consumption of sugary edibles, snacking, and not taking proper care of teeth as well.
- Eating extremely sour and acidic food or even brushing too hard removes the enamel from our teeth. Enamel or dentin protects our teeth from damage. Due to the absence of enamel, we experience teeth pain.
- Gum infection or periodontal disease is a common, teeth related disease in adults. Sometimes, your broken tooth or crown can also cause pain that sends shivers up your spine. Even the slighted crack in teeth can give you tremendous pain.
- When you suffer from severe cold and running nose, this might cause pain. Continuous discharge of mucus causes sinus infection and as sinuses become inflamed, filled with the pressure they tend to squeeze the nerve endings of your teeth. This causes pain and stimulates the tooth which begins to rub against each other. This might continue for some time but eventually stops.
- Grinding or clenching jaws can cause this pain too. When under stressful or frightening situations, we tend to grind or clench our jaws. Doing this for a long period leads to the removal of enamel. In the absence of enamel, we feel this kind of pain.
- Work involved while attaching braces or tooth filling can also give its aftermath pain. Bleaching gel and Whitening strips can prove to be high risk.
Treatments for Toothache
Teeth pain treatments could be days long for some conditions and might be non for some others. For instance, pain caused due to sinus infection requires no specific treatment other than eradicating the cold whereas cavity or tooth decay requires a doctor’s attention.
- In case of tooth decay, there are treatments such as fluoride treatment, which consists of a filling of affected part with gel, liquid, foam, or varnish. Crowns, where the entire crown is cover with a custom-fitted coat.
In severe cases, root canal procedures are chosen. This takes place when the decay has reached the centre of the teeth (pulp). The dead pulp is removed and is replaced by a filling. Lastly, tooth extraction treatment, where the diseased tooth is permanently pulled out.
- In the case of enamel erosion, the enamel doesn’t have the capability to grow back. So, to take its place, the dentist adds a tooth-colored material on the damaged teeth known as resin. This procedure is known as tooth bonding and helps to cover discoloration too. But the best way to prevent the enamel to be gone entirely is to take prevention when the damage is still half its way.
- In the case of periodontal disease, non-surgical and surgical treatments are available. Under non-surgical methods, there is scaling, where bacteria and tartar are removed from the tooth surface and beneath the gum. Root planing, where the roots are smoothened and bacteria growth is stopped. Antibiotics, where oral mouth rinses and gels, are introduces to clean the bacteria.
- Under the surgical method, tiny incisions are made in your gum to lift the gum tissues. This process is called flap surgery ensures more effective root planing and scaling.
- Under soft tissue graft surgery, gum recession could be stopped by covering the affected area with extra tissues. This tissue is extracted from another donor source and this prevents further gum decay.
- Underbone grafting, this procedure is similar to the previous one but instead of tissues, bones are used. The bone surrounding is destroyed and is replaced by a graft. The graft can be made of one’s own bone, synthetic, or donated. This prevents further teeth loss and helps regrowth of natural bone.
Steps to prevent teeth pain
Preventing teeth from pain and decay is better than taking precautions afterwards. Follow these steps to keep your tooth healthy:
- Brushing teeth twice a day:
We have been hearing this since childhood and still, some of us fail to obey this. If you have been following this rule, you have the immunity to protect your set from normal pain to severe teeth disease.
- Stop brushing harsh:
You might think that brushing your teeth roughly could give you wonderful results but you stand wrong. Start brushing your teeth at a medium speed and continue brushing for 2 minutes. This ensures healthy and pain-free teeth.
This is an ancient and easy way to maintain oral hygiene. Take a tablespoon of virgin/cold-pressed coconut oil and swish it with your mouth closed for about 10 to 12 minutes. This process removes bacteria which helps in preventing teeth-pain.
- Sugar-free gum:
Chewing gum can be very effective in strengthening teeth. This increases the production of saliva which in-turn decreases plaque acid, protecting your teeth from further decay.
As our teeth set is the strongest bone of our body and following the above steps can be extremely useful in its long-term maintenance. Apart from this, pay attention to what type of toothpaste you are used to. Start reading the ingredient list of your toothpaste as this also might be a reason for your teeth-pain.