Warts And Corns: What Is It & How to Prevent It?

Warts and corns are both conditions of the skin. Warts are caused by a type of HPV ( Human papillomavirus), corns are usually caused by the pressure on the skin. In this article, we will tell you all that you need to know about warts and corns and the difference between the two. 

Warts

Warts can be of many types depending on the location and appearance. They are usually common on hands and feet, though. 

Over the years, scientists have researched different kinds of warts. Some may occur on feet, some on hands and some, even on the face!

They are caused by the Human papillomavirus. As it is a virus, a wart may spread through contact. It can be direct or indirect, i.e. it can spread from person to person or from infected things to person. It may spread from using infected towels, razors and soaps. Warts get into our body through wounds or open areas in our skin as a result of injury or skin damage. 

Our immune system, on the other hand, tries to fight the virus and as a result, some people might not even get a wart after coming in contact with the HPV. Furthermore, warts may take up to several months and even years to disappear completely. 

Types of Warts 

Based on appearance, warts can be of many types. They may be flat, plantar, filiform and common. Common warts are usually just a bump which may or may not have black dots inside. Whereas, flat warts are much smaller in size and have smoother surfaces as compared to the other types of warts. On the other hand, plantar warts occur on the heels of feet which makes it difficult for the person to even walk. Moreover, filiform warts are finger-like projections which usually grow near the mouth. 

Warts can also be transferred sexually, hence, the name genital warts. When a person comes in sexual contact with an infected person, he/she becomes vulnerable to the virus. It can spread by having anal intercourse with an infected person and also by having oral intercourse with that person. 

How to prevent warts?

Warts spread through contact, Therefore, make sure you don’t share things with an infected person. Avoid sexual contact with an infected person and don’t share personal things like towels, razors and even soaps. 

Warts can be prevented by keeping the skin clean and preventing the infection altogether. Take a regular shower, use medicated soaps and use a moisturiser on the skin for proper nourishment after cleaning. 

Avoid leaving wounds open, that will facilitate the entry of the virus through that opening. 

Corns 

Corn in feet is formed as a result of pressure applied on the skin for a very long period. They mostly occur on the feet as a result of friction and pressure. The skin gets hardened, having a soft spot where pain develops gradually. 

warts and corns

Types of Corns

There are three types of corns depending on their tactility, i.e. soft, hard and seed. The soft ones occur between the toes, the hard ones occur on the feet and the seed ones occur on the bottoms of the heel. Usually, corns occur between the toes due to friction and sweating. Corns can become painful over time. Unlike Warts, corns are not caused by viruses. They develop naturally on the skin after a certain period of time if pressure is applied to that particular area for a long time. 

How to prevent corns?

Make sure you wear the right footwear which is comfortable and doesn’t hurt your feet. It shouldn’t be too tight or too loose. Keep your toenails trimmed so that they don’t create friction between the shoes and your feet. Wear comfortable socks which feel soft on the skin. In case of hands, wear gloves while carrying something heavy for a long period of time. Wear proper equipment if you do work which requires picking up heavy things daily. 

Corn vs Wart 

Both warts and corns are similar to each other in appearance. The main difference between corn and wart is that warts are caused by a virus and corns are caused by pressure and friction. Even the doctors have a hard time identifying the cause of the similar looking skin condition. 

Warts can appear anywhere on the skin, though. But, Corns appear only in the feet. They might occur between the toes or at the bottom or side of the feet. Warts have bumps which contain dot-like blood clots, whereas, Corns have dry and flaky bumps. Warts and Corns both have a round and rough appearance. 

Warts can spread from person to person by direct or indirect contact, but Corns do not spread from person to person. Therefore, Corns are not much harmful, they are just irritating and painful. 

Warts and corns can be removed by certain sprays and creams that contain salicylic acid. However, in extreme cases, both may require surgical removal of unwanted skin growth. 

What is Human papillomavirus that causes warts?

It is a family of viruses which mainly causes sexually transmitted diseases. It can cause both common warts and genital warts. Genital warts are more complex to deal with, though. 

They occur because of many reasons:

  1. Having more than one sexual relationship 
  2. Having sexual relations with an infected person
  3. Having sexual relationships with someone who has more than one sexual relationship
  4. Not using protection during intercourse may spread infection as well 

However, various treatments can be provided by doctors. Some of the treatments of Genital warts include Laser therapy (which uses a high-powered beam of light) and surgical removal (which is done by a surgeon). 

Wondering if your wart could turn into cancer? 

Don’t worry! The warts are developed by a different strain of Human papillomavirus. It is non-malignant, which doesn’t involve the formation of a tumor. Hence, your wart will not develop into a carcinogenic tumor. 

Our feet bear the weight of our body and it becomes our duty to look after them. Warts and corns are a common occurrence but can be easily managed by maintaining proper standards of hygiene and being careful.

So fret not if you notice warts and corns on your feet!

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